Personal liberty is a fundamental right guaranteed by Article 21 of the Indian Constitution as a natural, vital, and essential right of individuals. This right is included in the Indian Constitution's immutable basic structure. When a person is suspected of committing a crime, the legal system is obligated to arrest them, bring them to trial, and punish them if they are found guilty. An individual's personal liberty is taken away when he is arrested, and securing bail usually sets him free. The right to personal liberty is intrinsically tied to the concept of bail. The right to secure bail stems from sections 436, 437, and 439 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 ("Code"), as well as the aspect of anticipatory bail added by the Law Commission's 41st report.
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