APJ Abdul Kalam Biography: Everything you need to know about

14 Oct 2022  Read 8359 Views

This article will discuss the man referred to as the People's President, who served as President and left society with his enlightening lessons. One of his goals was to establish the Mobile Legal Aid and Lok Adalat at the Patna High Court. He stressed the urgent necessity to carry out the projects while discussing the need for speedy justice in his remarks. He is none other than Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. Let's discuss some interesting facts about APJ Abdul Kalam.

APJ Abdul Kalam Biography

Avul Pakir Jainelabdeen Abdul Kalam sometimes called the "Missile Man" of India, served as the nation's 11th president between 2002 and 2007. Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu native Kalam, who came from a low-income family, studied physics and aeronautical engineering and worked for the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) (ISRO).

Additionally, he participated in the 1998 Pokhran-II tests under Atal Bihari Vajpayee's direction. Abdul Kalam was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in 1981, the Padma Vibhushan in 1990, and the Bharat Ratna—the highest civilian award—in 1997. He was dubbed the "People's President" and is also renowned for his modesty and regard for others. He resumed giving student lectures and writing when his term as president of the nation ended. On July 27, 2015, while providing a speech at the Indian Institute of Management in Shillong, he went into cardiac arrest and passed away. He was laid to rest with full state honours in his hometown of Rameswaram.

Achievements of Abdul Kalam




Padma Bhushan


Padma Vibhushan


Bharat Ratna and Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration


Veer Sarvarkar Award


King Charles II Medal (Royal Society, UK)


Doctor of Science (Edinburgh University, UK)


APJ Abdul Kalam History

President Kalam served as the Union Government's leader for five years, according to the constitution. Although he had no formal training in Westminster Parliamentary law, he served as President in his capacity as a citizen. He made excellent use of the Indian President's office's limited authority in the country's service. Since the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976, the President has played a limited part in the Union Government's decision-making. When exercising his constitutional responsibilities and duties, the President is generally required to follow the guidance and recommendations of the Council of Ministers, which is presided over by the Prime Minister, with a few exceptions. This viewpoint was well-established well before 1976. The President, however, is not a cypher or a rubber stamp. President cannot be taken for granted by any government.

He was an activist who saw the presidency as a platform for helping ordinary people. President Kalam unconditionally agreed to the Union Cabinet's decision to impose President's rule in Bihar in 2005, in the dead of night in Moscow. However, he was not pleased with that course of action. That was a low period in his presidency, and according to his then-account secretary in his memoirs, it nearly caused him to step down. In particular, when it was ruled unlawful by the Supreme Court in the Rameshwar Prasad v. State of Bihar case in 2006, the rapid action of the Manmohan Singh Government hurt him.

In carrying out his constitutional duties by Article 74(1) of the Constitution, President Dr Kalam acted as head of state and took the Council of Ministers, which is presided over by the prime minister, at its word. As required by his duly sworn oath under Article 60 of the Constitution, he was fully mindful of his constitutional obligation to safeguard, preserve, and defend both the Constitution and the law. He was utterly devoted to the law and spirit of the Constitution, given the constitutional significance of the position of the President. Although he acted abruptly in the 2005 case involving the dissolution of the Bihar Assembly, he made a concerted effort to persuade the Parliament to revisit the Office of Profit Bill in 2006. He correctly sent the Bill back to the Parliament for reconsideration as permitted by Article 111 of the Constitution.

Dr Kalam's reputation would have improved if he had followed the Union Cabinet's recommendation in the Bihar Assembly dissolution case in 2005. Following the proviso to Article 74(1) of the Constitution that was included by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1978, he had complete authority. However, he was willing to compromise before the horrifying Article 356 was used to dissolve the Government and an Assembly for political reasons. He had a solid example to follow. By Article 356 of the Constitution, his predecessor President K. R. Narayan, prevented the premature deaths of the U. P. and Bihar Assemblies in 1997 and 1998, respectively. As India's first citizen, the president is obligated by the constitution to intervene in matters of significant public significance.


It is well known that Dr APJ Abdul Kalam is courteous. He will be noted for his role in enhancing India's defence capability. He merely wanted to ensure that justice was delivered quickly because doing so would reduce the number of pending cases in court. His achievements are commendable, and so are his contributions to the nation. His teachings will always motivate the students to achieve their dreams.

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About the Author: Gurpreet Kaur Dutta | 82 Post(s)

A legal content writer who pursued BBA-LL.B.(H) from Amity University Chhattisgarh. She has a keen interest in corporate and IPR sectors. 

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