Cyber Frauds in India: Overview & Redressal
Legal

Cyber Frauds in India: Overview & Redressal

In recent years, online payments and fraud have gained much attention. On the one hand, it’s easier for people to deal with being cashless, but on the other hand, 70% of these users have been victims of Cyber fraud. In this blog, we will look into Cyber Financial fraud and where can you report it.

Continue Reading about 9 days ago
Dying Declaration: Can conviction be based solely on it?
Legal

Dying Declaration: Can conviction be based solely on it?

Indian Evidence Act, passed in 1872, had no clue that the world would witness great technological advancements in the future. Back then, cameras, mobile devices, the internet, etc., were unimaginable. So the law included a provision wherein anybody can record, in writing, the statement of a medically vulnerable person and get his/her thumb impression or signature. Similarly, recording a statement via gestures, signs, oral or written impressions of a victim stating the cause of his/ her death evolved to be known as a dying declaration. 

Continue Reading about 22 days ago
Sedition law: What is section 124A IPC?
Legal

Sedition law: What is section 124A IPC?

Kanhaiya Kumar, Aseem Trivedi, Binayak Sen, Arundhati Roy, and Owaisi are well-known for high-profile sedition charges imposed on them. Although Thomas Macaulay, who originally drafted the Indian Penal Code in 1837, included the law on sedition (Sec. 113 of the draft code), it was not inserted in the final draft of the code enacted in 1860; this omission was considered accidental. Later, in 1890, sedition was included under section 124A IPC through Special Act XVII. But, obviously, it was subjected to massive misuse. 

Continue Reading about 29 days ago
Difference between Murder and Culpable Homicide
Legal

Difference between Murder and Culpable Homicide

Students often get confused between culpable homicide and Murder. These two concepts are relatably different. There is a thin line that separates the two of them. This frequently causes problems for advocates and legal professionals when deciding how to present the case because of the slight variance. Culpable homicide and murder concepts are important for law postgraduate and judiciary exams.

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
Two Finger Test: Why it is banned in India?
Legal

Two Finger Test: Why it is banned in India?

What do you think can be the biggest reason that most rape victims hesitate to report rape cases? One of the biggest reasons is the two-finger test. The two-finger test refers to an invasive physical examination of a woman’s vagina to check the laxity of vaginal muscles and whether the hymen is broken or not. This is a test in which the doctor puts two fingers into the woman’s vagina, and the ease with which the doctor penetrates his fingers to locate the intact hymen.

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
Polygraph test: Meaning and Legality 
Legal

Polygraph test: Meaning and Legality 

Lie detector tests (also known as “Polygraph tests”), narcoanalysis & brain- mapping are some of the present-day revolutionary tools of forensic science that are usually proved very fruitful during police investigations. On the one hand, these methods are considered inhumane and degrading investigation tactics; on the other hand, they are also considered useful for serious or vicious crime investigations. In fact, you won’t believe but sometimes a person, while applying for a job, also undergoes a lie detector or polygraph test (say, govt. jobs with the FBI or CIA). 

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
Jury trial in India: What is the Nanavati case?
Legal

Jury trial in India: What is the Nanavati case?

For those who haven’t seen movies like ‘Rustom’ or any drama based on the 1959 trial of Naval Commander K. N Nanavati, who shot & murdered his wife’s lover, you must read this! Whenever the concept of a jury trial is discussed, the renowned case that strikes our mind is Nanavati’s case. The case is usually taught in every law school. But for those, who are unaware, here’s what you must know! 

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
INA trials: Trial of Indian National Army in Red Fort
Constitutional Developments

INA trials: Trial of Indian National Army in Red Fort

Since the first war of independence in 1857, many wars have been fought, be it violent or non-violent, civil or military, etc., all fought with a common objective of making India a ‘free’ nation. So, not least of all, one of the most important freedom struggles was the Indian Independence Movement launched in East Asia by the late Rash Bihari Bose, which led to the formation of INA, together with the Provisional Government of Azad Hind with Cabinet Ministers and Advisers. That is: 

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
Women Rights in India
Legal

Women Rights in India

Women in India have enjoyed respect & relevance from Vedic days, they were referred as ‘sahadharmini’, meaning “equal partner”. So, focus on women's empowerment or women's education was never absent. However, as time passed it is believed that the Indian culture got contaminated with the Muslim influence, conservative Middle Eastern and British culture, and that the power and respect which women enjoyed were lost.

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Section 304B IPC: Dowry Death
Legal

Section 304B IPC: Dowry Death

One of the most evil practices in India, dowry is unfortunately regarded as a status symbol. But is it? Just like every clothing item in a fashion store has a price tag attached to it. Similarly, this practice had become synonymous with the context “groom on sale”, with even bigger and bolder price tags. In 2021, Kerala witnessed the maximum increase in dowry paid by brides. Today the government has come up with several legislations like the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961 etc., to eliminate the dowry system, & uplift the status of the girl child by implementing many schemes. But, due to the social nature of this issue, the legislation has failed to fulfil its objective in our society.

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: Here
Legal

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: Here's what happened?

Jallianwala Bagh (bagh, “garden”), close to the Golden Temple in Amritsar, is a site of one of the most barbaric massacres in world history. An incident which took thousands of life & left many people wounded is now a memorial wherein several structures like the Amar Jyoti, Martyrs’ Well, portico pillars representing the British soldiers, bullet-marked walls and statues of nationalist leaders have been preserved. It was April 13th, 1919, when around 10,000 or more people gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh; despite a ban on any sort of public assemblies to protest against the British, the crowd also constituted the pilgrims who assembled to celebrate Baisakhi. 

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Hierarchy of courts in India
Legal

Hierarchy of courts in India

The federal system of power-sharing is the foundation of Indian democracy. The legislative and executive branches have the power to enact and execute laws. The Judiciary, however, has sole jurisdiction over the interpretation of laws and the defence of citizens' rights. As a result, it is known as the "custodian of the constitution," which refers to the protector and interpreter. In cases involving constitutional validity and the law, the Judiciary has the last say. Law students often seem confused about this topic. Let's discuss the hierarchy of courts in detail. 

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Battle of Plassey, 1757: Rise of the East India Company in India
Legal

Battle of Plassey, 1757: Rise of the East India Company in India

The Battle of Plassey was fought on 23rd June 1757 in the Plassey region of West Bengal. It was fought between the British East India Company led by Robert Clive & the Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-daula. The French troops were also a part of this battle and fought with Siraj-ud-daula against Robert Clive (British East India Company). The battle is also very important as it was a turning point in Indian history in favour of the Britishers. So, it is said that this war led to British dominance and rule over India. Have you ever heard of the Black hole of Calcutta, a term which we currently refer to in astrophysics? This article will discuss the background & cause of the 1757 battle, the black hole of Calcutta, and other important points concerning the Battle of Plassey. Let’s get started.

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Section 506 IPC- All about criminal intimidation
Legal

Section 506 IPC- All about criminal intimidation

Here’s a question for you… The home of "X" was broken into by a thief who threatened to kill him and his wife if they called the police or reported the theft to them. As soon as the thief fled, they quickly contacted the police, who apprehended the offender. Can you tell us what charges would apply to “X”? Does this act amount to “Criminal Intimidation” punishable under section 506 IPC?

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Everything about Section 376 IPC
Legal

Everything about Section 376 IPC

One of the most heinous crimes committed in India is rape. In India, 31,677 instances were reported in 2021, which equates to 86 cases each day on average. These, however, are the registered numbers. I bet India has two times as many alleged rape instances. Even now, some people don’t register their complaints to maintain their family’s dignity, but they should realise that it is their fundamental right to live with dignity and peace in this society. There are laws just to safeguard their rights. In this article, we are going to discuss Section 376 IPC. Let’s begin!

Continue Reading about 3 months ago
Section 420 IPC: Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property
Legal

Section 420 IPC: Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property

In India, the number 420, also known as "Char Sau bees," is frequently used to describe mischievous acts or someone as a conman. Is it as evident in law as it sounds casual?

Continue Reading about 3 months ago
Section 34 IPC: Everything about common intention
Legal

Section 34 IPC: Everything about common intention

Suppose four people share a common intention to beat the person “X” as soon as he leaves from his factory. They all arrived at the location, and one person named “Y” passing through them decided to join them to beat “X”. What do you think? Which provision would apply to all of them?

Continue Reading about 3 months ago
Congress President Election 2022: Mallikarjun Kharge Elected
Legal

Congress President Election 2022: Mallikarjun Kharge Elected

In 24 years, this was the first time that Congress members assembled across the country to elect their first non-Gandhi president. The leadership crisis in the Congress party has generated buzz lately, & it became all set for its first competitive presidential election, choosing between senior leaders Mallikarjun Kharge and Shashi Tharoor. Moreover, this will mark the first time since Sonia Gandhi took the reins in 1998 that someone from outside the family will take charge as the party’s President, founded in 1885.

Continue Reading about 3 months ago