CLAT PG 2024: Complete Question Paper Analysis

8 Dec 2023  Read 6545 Views

From an increase in the number of passages to a more time-consuming format, this year's CLAT PG brought some surprises. On 3 December 2023, The Common Law Admission Test for Post-Graduate Studies (CLAT LLM) was conducted for the academic year 2024-25. With an impressive 93.92% of registered students taking the exam, the excitement was high, and the stakes were raised. However, some students struggled with longer questions, making it hard to complete the entire paper.

Let's take a closer look at this year's CLAT PG Exam 2024 and uncover every detail!

Overview of CLAT PG 2024 Question Paper

  1. Pattern Changed 

The 2024 paper had a big change in how it was set up; it still had 120 questions, but they were divided into 24, each containing 5 questions, making the paper over 40 pages long.

  1. Surprising Additional Passage

One of the passages in the exam was related to the Civil Procedure Code (CPC), which is not mentioned in the syllabus provided on the CLAT PG website. However, questions in that passage did not include topics from the CPC.

  1. Level of Difficulty

Overall, the paper was moderate, but because it was so long, it was tough for students to finish all the questions.

  1. Optimal Attempts

Given the lengthy question paper and time constraints, it was ideal for students to aim to answer between 85 to 95 questions.

  1. Type of Questions

Some questions were based on the passage, and candidates could often solve them by eliminating incorrect options. The majority of questions in the exam were straightforward, asking for factual information rather than requiring deep analytical thinking. The questions included both provision-based and judgement-based inquiries.

Subject-Specific Analysis for CLAT PG

In the CLAT PG 2024 exam, the majority of passages focused on key areas like the Constitution, Criminal Law, Contract Law, Transfer of Property Act, and Jurisprudence. Here's a breakdown of the passages from the Constitutional law featured in the exam.

To learn more in-depth analysis specific to subjects covered in CLAT PG 2024, you'll find them in our course.

Key Takeaways from CLAT PG 2024

  • Practice reading long passages regularly to better understand them faster, which will greatly help with the lengthy paper.
  • Because the test is long, it's important to manage your time well and choose which questions to answer wisely. 
  • Stay informed about the landmark court decisions from the past 3 to 5 years.
  • Keep up with developments in specialised areas of law like Securities Law and Industrial Law, etc.
  • Knowing a lot about key law subjects like Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, and Jurisprudence is really important. 
  • Instead of spending too much time mastering just one subject, like the Constitution or IPC, focus on covering all topics systematically. Be ready for surprises and study a wide range of topics.

Detail Analysis of Paper Passage (Set-D)

A. Legal Moralism

  • The passage from Jurisprudence, i.e., Law & Morality, contained a direct question based on the passage's content and an analytical interpretation of the passage's underlying themes and ideas.

B. Legal Positivism

  • The passage was on The Legal Positivism of H. L. A. Hart from Jurisprudence, which contained direct questions from the passage.

C. Esselworld Leisure Pvt. Ltd. v. Syam Kashinath Koli

  • The passage was from a verdict of Bombay HC on the Industrial Disputes Act 1947 and contained a mix of judgement-based and provision-based questions.

D. Medical Negligence

  • The passage was from Savita Garg v. The Director, National Heart Institute, and contained judgement and concept-based questions.

E. Gambia v. Myanmar 

  • The passage discussed Myanmar's claims in the case, with questions focusing on the Genocide Convention and legal maxim. These questions were a bit difficult.

F. Article from Journal of Internation Law

  • The passage was part of an article, "The Decay of Consent: International Law in an Age of Global Public Goods", from the American Journal.

  • Questions were regarding provisions and articles of the UN Charter.

  • Also, basic case law on the right to passage and delimitation of Indian boundary were asked. 

G. Pragnesh Shah v. Arun Kumar Sharma

  • The questions were not directly from the passage and were theory-based.

  • Majorly, it was on a concept and well-known case law of environmental jurisprudence.


  • Questions from the transfer of immovable property and common understanding from the Transfer of Property Act.

  • Another passage on TOPA related to mortgages.

  • Both passages were of moderate-difficult level.

I. A.K. Kripak v. UOI

  • Landmark Case of Administrative Law

  • Questions were primarily on rules of natural justice to Administrative Actions.

J. Decision on Shree Sidhbali Steels

  • Provision-based questions on Promissory Estoppel were asked in this passage.

K. Settlement Commission from Income Tax Act

  • Provisional and theory-based questions were asked from the recent judgement of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. v. CIT Bangalore (2023).

L. Energy Watchdog v. Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

  • The questions were centred around the leading judgement and a legal maxim related to the concept of Frustration of Contract.

M. Specific Relief (Amendment) Bill, 2017

  • The passage contained a direct question derived from the Statement of Objects and Reasons of the Bill.

N. Zahid Khatoon v. Nurul Haque Khan

  • The passage was from the Muslim Women Act 1986 and included a direct question based on the passage's content. Additionally, there was a mix of analytical questions and questions based on provisions of the Act.

O. Cruelty as per HMA

  • Questions were asked from an excerpt from Saroj v. Suraj Mal (2023) by Delhi HC, majorly focused on cruelty in matrimonial law and extra-marital relationships.

P. Tata Consultancy Services v. Cyrus Investment Pvt.

  • While the passage itself didn't provide direct answers to the questions, having a basic understanding of company law proved to be helpful in solving them.

  • Another passage covered topics from the Company Act along with elements from the SEBI Act.

Q. Police Report - CrPC

  • The passage was moderate-easy; direct questions from the bare act and fundamental knowledge were tested.

R. Exceptions under IPC

  • The questions asked were easy and straightforward from the passage.

S. Proof under IEA

  • The passage included questions on the concept of proof, such as the burden of proof and conclusive proof. These questions were a mix of judgement-based and provision-based inquiries.

Author's Comment: As we can understand from the analysis above, questions from international law, transfer of property and Specific Relief Act were more complex. Whereas questions from criminal or constitutional law were mainly more straightforward. All these questions assessed students' time management skills, foundational understanding of the law, and legal awareness.

Cut-off for CLAT PG 2024

The Consortium of National Law Universities (NLU) issued three allotment lists for the academic year 2024. Students are admitted to NLUs based on their All India Rank and the universities they prioritised in their preference list. The table below displays the cut-off marks for the unreserved category at tier 1 NLUs. 

Also Read- Should you be doing an LLM in 2024-25?

Subject-wise breakdown of CLAT PG 2023 and CLAT PG 2024 


CLAT PG 2023

CLAT PG 2024

No. of Passages



Constitutional Law Passage

2 Passages (20 Marks)

3 Passages (15 Marks)

Criminal Law

2 Passages (20 Marks)

2 Passages (10 Marks)


1 Passage (10 Marks)

2 Passages (10 Marks)

International Law

1 Passage (10 Marks)

2 Passages (10 Marks)

Law of Contract

1 Passage (10 Marks)

3 Passages (15 Marks), Including Specific Relief Act

Other Subjects of Law

5 Passages (50 Marks)

12 Passages (60 Marks)


In wrapping up our CLAT PG 2024 exam analysis, remember: it's not about mastering just a few questions while being clueless about the rest. Aim for balance by tackling each question to the best of your ability. That means covering every subject in the law syllabus—leave no stone unturned! 

Join us for expert guidance and preparation for CLAT PG!

Read the latest news on laws in India. Get detailed articles on legal, current affairs, geopolitics and the Indian Constitution: Here

About the Author: Anubha Mishra | 15 Post(s)

She has completed her BA.LLB. from Raipur and is currently pursuing LL.M from TISS Mumbai. She also has a practicing experience of 2 years at District Court, Raipur, as a Junior Advocate.

Liked What You Just Read? Share this Post:

Finology Blog / Legal / CLAT PG 2024: Complete Question Paper Analysis

Wanna Share your Views on this? Comment here: