Indian River System
Constitutional Developments

Indian River System

We owe our very own existence to our rivers. Undoubtedly, rivers are the lifeline of our country. It owes a divine status in Indian history; even great civilizations such as Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were born along rivers. So, early river-valley civilisations included the Indus Valley Civilisation (Harappan civilization), Ancient Egypt (the Nile), Mesopotamia (along the Tigris & Euphrates rivers) etc. Rivers also have great significance in the economic development of our country. This article discusses the river systems in India, which form an important part of various competitive exams. So, let’s get started.  

Continue Reading about 14 days ago
Indus Valley Civilization: History & Facts
Constitutional Developments

Indus Valley Civilization: History & Facts

Historically, India is referred to mainly by two short names, each of which is equally significant: "Bharata" & "Hindustān". The name “Bharata” is said to have been derived from the name of King Dhashrath’s son, Bharat or Dushyanta’s son, Bharata. Previously, Bhārat was referred only to the western part of the Ganges in North India but was later applied to the entire Greater India, just like "India". Then the name "India" was originally derived from the river Sindhu (Indus River) and has been in use in Greek since Herodotus (5th century BCE).

Continue Reading about 27 days ago
Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
Constitutional Developments

Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

We’ve all heard this story where an eleven-year-old German kid overheard his parents discussing whether they should attempt suicide or kill the entire family. His father said, ‘Now the allies will do what we did to the crippled and Jews.’ The very next day, his father committed suicide in his office. His father was a Nazi and a big supporter of Adolf Hitler. Who was Hitler? How did he rule Germany, and why he hated Jews? Let us know in the article below.

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
INA trials: Trial of Indian National Army in Red Fort
Constitutional Developments

INA trials: Trial of Indian National Army in Red Fort

Since the first war of independence in 1857, many wars have been fought, be it violent or non-violent, civil or military, etc., all fought with a common objective of making India a ‘free’ nation. So, not least of all, one of the most important freedom struggles was the Indian Independence Movement launched in East Asia by the late Rash Bihari Bose, which led to the formation of INA, together with the Provisional Government of Azad Hind with Cabinet Ministers and Advisers. That is: 

Continue Reading about 1 months ago
Political Funding: How are Political Parties funded in India?
Constitutional Developments

Political Funding: How are Political Parties funded in India?

Elections form a major part of the parliamentary democracy system in India, which cost money like hundreds of crores. Political parties run offices throughout the country, and the staff salaries, travelling expenses, etc., are all regular expenditures of political parties, including election campaigns, tours, publicity and whatnot. Not even a single time has India missed its elections, and timely elections for the Parliament and State assemblies have been held. Therefore, the government do need funds. The conventional practice of funding the political system is through cash, and the sources are anonymous or pseudonymous.

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
Types of Government around the World
Constitutional Developments

Types of Government around the World

A system or group of people who rule or control a country is known as a government. Most keywords that usually describe governments are monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy, mainly of Greek or Roman origin. Therefore, these have existed for more than 2,000 years, but their usefulness has yet to be exhausted.  From this, we can deduce that mankind has not altered these much since it existed. When it comes to types of government, it can be tough to classify systems in a single word as governments are ever-evolving, and national governments comprise several types.

Continue Reading about 2 months ago
First Woman President of India
Constitutional Developments

First Woman President of India

Just like men, women are every bit as capable of being good leaders, and they have never failed to prove so. There have been many women personalities who were the first in their fields and became an inspiration for many others to hold such leadership qualities like Mithali Raj, Mother Teresa, Kalpana Chawla & Pratibha Patil, etc. This article discussed the journey of the first woman President of India when a milestone was reached in India’s history. 

Continue Reading about 6 months ago
List of Presidents & Prime Ministers around the world
Constitutional Developments

List of Presidents & Prime Ministers around the world

Every country in the world has different government systems wherein few countries like China and Russia follow communism. Even with these differences, the only thing common among all these countries is that there is only one head of the state either the Prime Minister or the President. Over time & again, India’s PM Modi has maintained the top spot on the Global Leader Approval list this year (2022) by defeating the Presidents of many popular nations like US President Joe Biden. 

Continue Reading about 6 months ago
Right to vote in India
Constitutional Developments

Right to vote in India

“You’ve got to vote, vote, vote, vote. That’s it, that’s the way we move forward”. Don’t worry, we are not forcing our thoughts on you but rather reminding you that we as a citizen have the most powerful non-violent weapon in our country. Not with guns or rifles but a single vote can easily turn the tables for Indian politics, all thanks to our Constitution. 

Continue Reading about 6 months ago
President Election in India: Who will be elected for the 2022 Presidential election?
Constitutional Developments

President Election in India: Who will be elected for the 2022 Presidential election?

NDA’s presidential nominee Draupadi Murmu is all set for this year’s Presidential elections. If elected, she will become the first tribal President of the country. And the second woman president after Pratibha Patil. President Ram Nath Kovind’s tenure is coming to an end on July 25, for which a Presidential election will be conducted to fill his post on July 18; probably by the 21st of July, we will know who our new President will be. Now, the question is, how is the President of India chosen? What is the process? Is it the same as a Parliamentary election? In this article, we shall be discussing all of these.

Continue Reading about 6 months ago
Anti defection Law in India
Constitutional Developments

Anti defection Law in India

Do you know how the slogan "Aaya Ram, Gaya Ram" was coined? The slogan was made in 1967, when Gaya Lal, an MLA, first joined the Indian National Congress and changed his political affiliation thrice in a single day. Even after this incident, Gaya Lal was infamously known for frequent floor-crossing and thus became the inspiration for the term Aaya Ram Gaya Ram. The said expression was then used commonly in Indian politics to refer to political horse-trading or, in simple language, elected members shifting parties. 

Continue Reading about 6 months ago
Article 21 of the Constitution
Constitutional Developments

Article 21 of the Constitution

Article 21 is the soul of the Indian Constitution. It contains an ocean of rights within it. To this, the apex court of India has given a living body by expanding its scope and ambit. This makes the Article a complete theory to be researched.  

Continue Reading about 10 months ago
Hijab Controversy Explained
Constitutional Developments

Hijab Controversy Explained

You might have heard about the recent controversy regarding the hijab ban, but before getting into it we must understand that the word hijab is not defined anywhere in the Quran. It only talks about a partition or curtain and is to be used by the wife of prophets. They were supposed to be covered not just in their garments but also in the space that they occupy. Numerous girls across different States are protesting the hijab ban.

Continue Reading about 11 months ago
Is The ‘Right To Be Forgotten’ a Fundamental Right?
Constitutional Developments

Is The ‘Right To Be Forgotten’ a Fundamental Right?

Almost all of us have had some embarrassing moments in our lives and we all have made mistakes that we are not very proud of. Many of us learn and change. But what if the world refuses to accept our evolution. This is what the concept of Right to be Forgotten is all about. 

Continue Reading about 1 years ago
Right against Sexual Harassment –A Fundamental Right
Constitutional Developments

Right against Sexual Harassment –A Fundamental Right

According to the recent report of the National Crime Records Bureau on Crime in India, there were 17,003 total reported cases of sexual harassment in the year 2020. Despite the pandemic and with most people working from home, still, 485 incidents of sexual harassment at the workplace were reported. Further, a study shows that male suicides are 4 times more than female suicides at a workplace. Thus, any person can be subjected to this shameful act, as it is not just a crime against the body, but it is a crime against the soul.

Continue Reading about 1 years ago
How a bill is passed in India?
Constitutional Developments

How a bill is passed in India?

“Parliament has been my temple, Constitution my holy book 📖”, as once said by Ex-President Pranab Mukherjee in his last address to the nation. Well! All we can say is that in the Indian democracy, Parliament is indeed a temple and Constitution, a sacred textbook. It is obvious that the role of the Indian Parliament is underestimated, but it plays a very significant role in the country’s legislative process by way of enactments.

Continue Reading about 1 years ago
How to Repeal Laws in India?
Constitutional Developments

How to Repeal Laws in India?

Many amongst us are almost familiar with the law-making process in India wherein a bill is passed by both the Houses of Parliament and then it is sent to the president for assent. But what about its repeal? Only a few would have the idea as to repeal or nullification of the laws in India. Around 58 Acts have been repealed by far. As we have seen that after a lot of resistance from the farmers; PM Modi on the auspicious occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti addressed the nation that the government will repeal the three new farm laws in the upcoming Winter session of Parliament despite constant efforts made by the Government to convince the farmers on the benefits of the farm laws. Now, the word “repeal” here means to withdraw, annul or revoke any Act of Parliament. But why & how? To know these, read this article.

Continue Reading about 1 years ago
Is there a law for Paternity Leaves in India?
Constitutional Developments

Is there a law for Paternity Leaves in India?

The discussions and debates revolving around paternity leaves have started to resurface around the time when the Indian cricket team captain Virat Kohli decided to take eternity leave and chose to desert in the India-Australia test series in between. Maternity relief is provided under Article 42 of the Indian constitution as under Directive Principles of State Policy. Various legislation have also been enacted to protect women's interests at work during their maternity leave.

Continue Reading about 1 years ago