SSC CGL Exam 2023: Revised Pattern, Syllabus & Exam Dates

24 Feb 2023  Read 7992 Views

SSC CGL stands for Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level, one of the most sought exams conducted by Staff Selection Commission. It conducts both CHSL (Combined Higher Secondary Level Exam) and CGL (Combined Graduate Level). SSC is a very important organisation of the Indian government that conducts recruitment exams for several posts in various departments & ministries (Group "B" & "C" posts). This exam’s name is taken from the qualification needed for the exam

SSC CGL Exam Pattern consists of two stages- Preliminary Test, Mains. A graduate degree is a basic qualification required to apply for this exam. The rest of the job classifications under the SSC CGL examination is based on the job profile. The SSC has already conducted the tier 1 exam from 01 to 13 December 2022. The result PDF for the same was released on 09 February 2023, along with the tier 1 cutoff marks. The Tier- II exam is set to be conducted from 2nd to 7th March 2023.

This article discusses the qualifications, preparation tricks and syllabus for the SSC CGL exam. So, let's get started.

Required Qualifications for various posts in SSC CGL

For different posts, different set of qualifications are required.


Department/Ministry (in which candidates are recruited)

Classification of Post

Assistant Audit Officer

Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG

Group “B” Gazetted (Non-Ministerial)

Assistant Accounts Officer

Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG

Group “B” Gazetted (Non-Ministerial)

Assistant Section Officer

Central Secretariat Service, Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Railway, Ministry of External Affairs, AFHQ

Group “B” 


Rest of the Ministries/ Departments/ Organizations 

Group “B” 

Inspector of Income Tax

CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes)

Group “C” 

Inspector (Central Excise)

CBIC (Central Board of Indirect Taxes & customs)

Group “B”

Assistant Enforcement Officer

Directorate of Enforcement, Department of Revenue

Group “B”

Sub Inspector

Central Bureau of Investigation

Group “B” 


Central Bureau of Narcotics

Group “B”

Junior Statistical Officer

M/o Statistics & Programme Implementation

Group “B”

Statistical Investigator Grade-II

Registrar General of India

Group “B”


Offices under C&AG, CGDA

Group “C” 

Accountant/ Junior Accountant

Other Ministry/ Departments

Group “C”

Senior Secretariat Assistant/ Upper Division Clerks 

Central Govt. Offices/ Ministries other than CSCS cadres

Group “C” 

Tax Assistant


Group “C”

Upper Division Clerks

Government Departments

Group “C”


Preparation tips for SSC CGL exam

1. Get well- versed with the syllabus

Beforing appearing in any exam and starting with its prep, its obvious that one needs to be well- versed the syllabus. If you have the knowledge of the subjects and the weightage that it holds, it becomes easy to choose that which subject is to be given more importance. 

2. Draft a systematic study plan

The beginners needs to clarify their doubts regarding the SSC exam pattern and syllabus, and then they must figure out a systematic study plan in which even if the subject with more weightage is given importance, yet time should remain to prepare the least important ones even if few days are left for the exam.

3. Be prepared with all study material

The aspirants must be ready with their study materials and books to prepare for the SSC exams. Even if they have joined a coaching institute, remember that usually none of the courses are exhaustive, you need to go through additional materials as well like books on reasoning, general awareness, quantitative aptitude & English language.

4. Practice mock tests & previous year papers

Even after going through with the syllabus, if the asiprant is stil in doubt, it’s better to solve the previous year papers. This will give them a claer idea of how to attemot each questions and the type of questions which strikes the paper. Also, it will assists to apprehend the type of questions asked in the exam and understand the standard & difficulty level of the exam.

5. Avoid last minute read

It is always better to revise before we sleep, as our brain most active when we sleep. So, sleep sound, turn off your phones and technologies and rest your brain before entering the exam hall. Stay calm and appear for the exam; you will surely remember most of the things you have studied this way.

SSC CGL 2023 Exam Pattern

As its is a two- tier recruitment process, here’s the mode and exam pattern of all stages:




Tier – I

Objective Multiple Choice (MCQs)


Tier – II (Paper I, II, III)

  • Paper I (Compulsory for all posts)

  • Paper II for candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

  • Paper III for candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.

These are Objective Type, Multiple choice questions, except for Module-II of Section-III of Paper-I


SSC CGL Tier-II Exam Pattern

  1. Paper-I is conducted in two sessions - Session I & Session II, on the same day and is compulsory for all candidates who qualify in Paper 1. 

  • Session-I: Includes conducting Section-I, Section-II and Module-I of Section-III.

  • Session II: Includes conducting only Module II of Section-III. It will be mandatory for the candidates to qualify for all the sections of Paper-I. 

  1. Paper- II, III- It includes statistics and General studies, which is further divided into Finance & Economics.

SSC CGL Tier- II Paper 1

Sections Module Subject No. of questions Marks Weightage
Section I (Session I) Module- I Mathematical Abilities 30 90 23%
Module- II Reasoning and General Intelligence 30   23%
Section II (Session II) Module- I English Language and Comprehension 45   35%
Module- II General Awareness 25   19%
Section III Module- I (Session I) Computer Knowledge Test 20   Qualifying
Module- II (Session II) Data Entry Speed Test One Data Entry Task Qualifying

SSC CGL Tier- II Paper 2 & 3

Paper Section No. of questions Marks Duration
Paper II Statistics 100 200 2 hours
Paper III General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200 2 hours

SSC CGL Syllabus 2023

Tier-1 & Tier-2 subjects:

  1. SSC CGL Syllabus for Quantitative Aptitude (Tier-1 & Tier-2)

In Tier-1 Exam, the Quantitative Aptitude Questions checks the candidate's ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense. Few of the topics are repetitive in both the teirs; hence take note for the same chapters, which will save your time during your next stage preparation for the same chapters in Tier- 2. Here’s the list of topics- 

SSC CGL Tier-I- Quantitative Aptitude

  1. Computation of whole numbers

  2. Decimals

  3. Fractions

  4. Relationships between numbers

  5. Profit and Loss

  6. Discount

  7. Partnership Business

  8. Mixture and Alligation

  9. Time and distance

  10. Time & Work

  11. Percentage

  12. Ratio & Proportion

  13. Square roots

  14. Averages

  15. Interest

  16. Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds

  17. Graphs of Linear Equations

  18. Triangle and its various kinds of centres

  19. Congruence and similarity of triangles

  20. Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles

  21. Triangle

  22. Quadrilaterals

  23. Regular Polygons

  24. Right Prism

  25. Right Circular Cone

  26. Right Circular Cylinder

  27. Sphere

  28. Heights and Distances

  29. Histogram

  30. Frequency polygon

  31. Bar diagram & Pie chart

  32. Hemispheres

  33. Rectangular Parallelepiped

  34. Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base

  35. Trigonometric ratio

  36. Degree and Radian Measures

  37. Standard Identities

  38. Complementary angles


SSC CGL Tier-II- Module-I of Section-I of Paper-I (Mathematical Abilities)

Number Systems

  1. Computation of Whole Number

  2. Decimal and Fractions

  3. Relationship between numbers

Fundamental arithmetical operations

  1. Percentages

  2. Ratio and Proportion

  3. Square roots

  4. Averages

  5. Interest (Simple and Compound)

  6. Profit and Loss

  7. Discount

  8. Partnership Business

  9. Mixture and Alligation

  10. Time and distance

  11. Time and work


  1. Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems)

  2. Graphs of Linear Equations


  1. Similarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres

  2. Congruence and similarity of triangles

  3. Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles.


  1. Triangle

  2. Quadrilaterals

  3. Regular Polygons

  4. Circle

  5. Right Prism

  6. Right Circular Cone

  7. Right Circular Cylinder

  8. Sphere

  9. Hemispheres

  10. Rectangular Parallelepiped

  11. Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base.


  1. Trigonometry

  2. Trigonometric ratios

  3. Complementary angles

  4. Height and distances (simple problems only)

  5. Standard Identities

Statistics and probability

  1. Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar-diagram, Pie-chart

  2. Measures of central tendency: mean, median, mode, standard deviation

  3. Calculation of simple probabilities


2. SSC CGL Syllabus for General Intelligence and Reasoning (Tier- 1 & Tier- 2)

The SSC CGL Syllabus for this subject consists of verbal and non-verbal topics. This part examines the candidate's activeness and sharpness in any situation. The topics are provided hereunder- 

SSC CGL Tier-I- General Intelligence and Reasoning 

  1. Analogies

  2. Similarities and differences

  3. Space visualization

  4. Spatial orientation

  5. Problem-solving

  6. Analysis

  7. Judgment

  8. Blood Relations

  9. Decision making

  10. Visual memory

  11. Discrimination

  12. Observation

  13. Relationship concepts

  14. Arithmetical reasoning

  15. Figural classification

  16. Arithmetic number series

  17. Non-verbal series

  18. Coding and decoding

  19. Statement conclusion

  20. Syllogistic reasoning


SSC CGL Tier- II- Module-II of Section-I of Paper-I (Reasoning and General Intelligence)

  1. Semantic Analogy

  2. Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends

  3. Figural Analogy

  4. Space Orientation

  5. Semantic Classification

  6. Venn Diagrams

  7. Symbolic/ Number

  8. Classification

  9. Drawing inferences

  10. Figural Classification

  11. Punched hole/ pattern-folding & unfolding

  12. Semantic Series

  13. Figural Patternfolding and completion

  14. Number Series

  15. Embedded figures

  16. Figural Series

  17. Critical Thinking

  18. Problem Solving

  19. Emotional Intelligence

  20. Word Building

  21. Social Intelligence

  22. Coding and de-coding

  23. Numerical operations

  24. Other sub-topics, if any.

3. SSC CGL Syllabus for English Language (Tier-1 & Tier- 2)

Amongst every sections in SSC CGL Tier-1, the English section is the only part in the English language. The candidates ability to analyse their understandability of the subject and their basic comprehension and writing skills would also be tested. The aspirants must hold good command in these topics: 

SSC CGL Tier-I Syllabus- English Language

  1. Idioms and Phrases 

  2. One word Substitution

  3. Sentence Correction

  4. Error Spotting

  5. Fill in the Blanks

  6. Spellings Correction

  7. Reading Comprehension

  8. Synonyms-Antonyms

  9. Active Passive

  10. Sentence Rearrangement

  11. Sentence Improvement

  12. Cloze test


SSC CGL Tier- 2- Module-I of Section-II of Paper-I (English Language And Comprehension)

  1. Vocabulary

  2. English Grammar

  3. Sentence structure

  4. Spot the Error

  5. Fill in the Blanks,

  6. Synonyms/Homonyms

  7. Antonyms

  8. Spellings/ Detecting misspelt words

  9. Idioms & Phrases

  10. One word substitution

  11. Improvement of Sentences,

  12. Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs

  13. Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration

  14. Shuffling of Sentence parts

  15. Shuffling of Sentences in a passage,

  16. Cloze Passage

  17. Comprehension Passage- To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given, and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story, and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial.

4. SSC CGL Syllabus for General Awareness (Tier-1 & Tier-2)

This part analyzes the candidate's awareness of General Knowledge and General Science and their societal implementation. The section is very vast in terms of topics. 

SSC CGL Tier-I General Awareness 

  1. India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research

  2. Science

  3. Current Affairs

  4. Books and Authors

  5. Sports

  6. Important Schemes

  7. Important Days

  8. Portfolio

  9. People in News

  10. Static GK


Tier- 2- Module-II of Section-II of Paper-I (General Awareness)

  1. India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research

  2. Science

  3. Current Affairs

  4. Books and Authors

  5. Sports

  6. Important Schemes

  7. Important Days & Dates

  8. Portfolio

  9. People in News


Tier- 2 Subjects:

5. SSC CGL Syllabus for Computer Proficiency (Tier-2)

Computer Proficiency is part of Tier- 2 only under Section- III.

Tier- 2- Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I (Computer Proficiency)

Computer Basics

  1. Organization of a computer

  2. Central Processing Unit (CPU)

  3. Input/ output devices

  4. Computer memory

  5. Memory organization

  6. Back- up devices

  7. PORTs

  8. Windows Explorer

  9. Keyboard shortcuts


Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc.

Working with Internet and e-mails

Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an E-mail Account, e-Banking

Basics of networking and cyber security

Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures

6. SSC CGL Syllabus for Statistics (Tier- 2)

SSC CGL Tier 2- Paper 2 (Statistics)

1. Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data

Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.

2. Measures of Central Tendency 

Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.

3. Measures of Dispersion- Common measures of Dispersion

range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.

4. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Different types of moments and their relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.

5. Correlation and Regression

Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).

6. Probability Theory

Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.

7. Random Variable and Probability Distributions

Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).

8. Sampling Theory

Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.

9. Statistical Inference

Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.

10. Analysis of Variance

Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data.

11. Time Series Analysis

Components of time series, Determining trend component by different methods, Measuring seasonal variation by different methods.

12. Index Numbers

Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

7. SSC CGL Syllabus General Studies-Finance and Economics (Tier- 2)

This is divided into two parts- Finance & Accounts and Economics & Governance-

SSC CGL Syllabus- Paper 3 (General Studies-Finance and Economics)




Part A: Finance and Accounts-(80 marks)

Financial Accounting

  1. Nature and scope

  2. Limitations of Financial Accounting

  3. Basic concepts and Conventions

  4. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

Basic concepts of accounting

  1. Single and double entry

  2. Books of Original Entry

  3. Bank Reconciliation

  4. Journal, ledgers

  5. Trial Balance

  6. Rectification of Errors

  7. Manufacturing

  8. Trading

  9. Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts

  10. Balance Sheet

  11. Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure

  12. Depreciation Accounting

  13. Valuation of Inventories

  14. Non-profit organisations Accounts

  15. Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts

  16. Bills of Exchange

  17. Self Balancing Ledgers

Part B: Economics and Governance-(120 marks)

Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility

Finance Commission-Role and functions

Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics

  1. Definition

  2. Scope and nature of Economics

  3. Methods of economic study

  4. Central problems of an economy

  5. Production possibilities curve

Theory of Demand and Supply

  1. Meaning and determinants of demand

  2. Law of demand and Elasticity of demand

  3. Price

  4. Income and cross elasticity

  5. Theory of consumer‟s behaviour

  6. Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach

  7. Meaning and determinants of supply

  8. Law of supply

  9. The elasticity of Supply

Theory of Production and cost

  1. Meaning and Factors of production

  2. Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.

Forms of Market and price determination in different markets

  1. Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition

  2. Monopoly

  3. Monopolistic Competition

  4. Oligopoly

  5. Price determination in these markets.

Indian Economy

  1. Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth.

  2. National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.

  3. Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.

  4. Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.

  5. Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.

Economic Reforms in India

  1. Economic reforms since 1991

  2. Liberalisation

  3. Privatisation

  4. Globalisation

  5. Disinvestment

Money and Banking

  1. Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.

  2. Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.

  3. Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

Role of Information Technology in Governance    
About the Author: Kakoli Nath | 275 Post(s)

She is a Legal Content Manager at Finology Legal! With a Masters in Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), a BBA.LL.B from ITM University, and patent analyst training from IIPTA, she truly specializes in her field. Her passion for IPR and Criminal laws is evident from her advanced certification in Forensic Psychology and Criminal Profiling from IFS, Pune.

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