SSC CGL stands for Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level, one of the most sought exams conducted by Staff Selection Commission. It conducts both CHSL (Combined Higher Secondary Level Exam) and CGL (Combined Graduate Level). SSC is a very important organisation of the Indian government that conducts recruitment exams for several posts in various departments & ministries (Group "B" & "C" posts). This exam’s name is taken from the qualification needed for the exam
SSC CGL Exam Pattern consists of two stages Preliminary Test, Mains. A graduate degree is a basic qualification required to apply for this exam. The rest of the job classifications under the SSC CGL examination is based on the job profile. The SSC has already conducted the tier 1 exam from 01 to 13 December 2022. The result PDF for the same was released on 09 February 2023, along with the tier 1 cutoff marks. The Tier II exam is set to be conducted from 2nd to 7th March 2023.
This article discusses the qualifications, preparation tricks and syllabus for the SSC CGL exam. So, let's get started.
Required Qualifications for various posts in SSC CGL
For different posts, different set of qualifications are required.
SSC CGL Posts

Department/Ministry (in which candidates are recruited)

Classification of Post

Assistant Audit Officer

Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG

Group “B” Gazetted (NonMinisterial)

Assistant Accounts Officer

Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG

Group “B” Gazetted (NonMinisterial)

Assistant Section Officer

Central Secretariat Service, Intelligence Bureau, Ministry of Railway, Ministry of External Affairs, AFHQ

Group “B”

Assistant

Rest of the Ministries/ Departments/ Organizations

Group “B”

Inspector of Income Tax

CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes)

Group “C”

Inspector (Central Excise)

CBIC (Central Board of Indirect Taxes & customs)

Group “B”

Assistant Enforcement Officer

Directorate of Enforcement, Department of Revenue

Group “B”

Sub Inspector

Central Bureau of Investigation

Group “B”

Inspector

Central Bureau of Narcotics

Group “B”

Junior Statistical Officer

M/o Statistics & Programme Implementation

Group “B”

Statistical Investigator GradeII

Registrar General of India

Group “B”

Auditor

Offices under C&AG, CGDA

Group “C”

Accountant/ Junior Accountant

Other Ministry/ Departments

Group “C”

Senior Secretariat Assistant/ Upper Division Clerks

Central Govt. Offices/ Ministries other than CSCS cadres

Group “C”

Tax Assistant

CBDT/ CBIC

Group “C”

Upper Division Clerks

Government Departments

Group “C”

Preparation tips for SSC CGL exam
1. Get well versed with the syllabus
Beforing appearing in any exam and starting with its prep, its obvious that one needs to be well versed the syllabus. If you have the knowledge of the subjects and the weightage that it holds, it becomes easy to choose that which subject is to be given more importance.
2. Draft a systematic study plan
The beginners needs to clarify their doubts regarding the SSC exam pattern and syllabus, and then they must figure out a systematic study plan in which even if the subject with more weightage is given importance, yet time should remain to prepare the least important ones even if few days are left for the exam.
3. Be prepared with all study material
The aspirants must be ready with their study materials and books to prepare for the SSC exams. Even if they have joined a coaching institute, remember that usually none of the courses are exhaustive, you need to go through additional materials as well like books on reasoning, general awareness, quantitative aptitude & English language.
4. Practice mock tests & previous year papers
Even after going through with the syllabus, if the asiprant is stil in doubt, it’s better to solve the previous year papers. This will give them a claer idea of how to attemot each questions and the type of questions which strikes the paper. Also, it will assists to apprehend the type of questions asked in the exam and understand the standard & difficulty level of the exam.
5. Avoid last minute read
It is always better to revise before we sleep, as our brain most active when we sleep. So, sleep sound, turn off your phones and technologies and rest your brain before entering the exam hall. Stay calm and appear for the exam; you will surely remember most of the things you have studied this way.
SSC CGL 2023 Exam Pattern
As its is a two tier recruitment process, here’s the mode and exam pattern of all stages:
Tier

Type

Mode

Tier – I

Objective Multiple Choice (MCQs)

Online

Tier – II (Paper I, II, III)


Paper I (Compulsory for all posts)

Paper II for candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

Paper III for candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
These are Objective Type, Multiple choice questions, except for ModuleII of SectionIII of PaperI

Online

SSC CGL TierII Exam Pattern

PaperI is conducted in two sessions  Session I & Session II, on the same day and is compulsory for all candidates who qualify in Paper 1.

SessionI: Includes conducting SectionI, SectionII and ModuleI of SectionIII.

Session II: Includes conducting only Module II of SectionIII. It will be mandatory for the candidates to qualify for all the sections of PaperI.

Paper II, III It includes statistics and General studies, which is further divided into Finance & Economics.


SSC CGL Tier II Paper 1

Sections 
Module 
Subject 
No. of questions 
Marks 
Weightage 
Section I (Session I) 
Module I 
Mathematical Abilities 
30 
90 
23% 
Module II 
Reasoning and General Intelligence 
30 

23% 
Section II (Session II) 
Module I 
English Language and Comprehension 
45 

35% 
Module II 
General Awareness 
25 

19% 
Section III 
Module I (Session I) 
Computer Knowledge Test 
20 

Qualifying 
Module II (Session II) 
Data Entry Speed Test 
One Data Entry Task 
Qualifying 
SSC CGL Tier II Paper 2 & 3

Paper 
Section 
No. of questions 
Marks 
Duration 
Paper II 
Statistics 
100 
200 
2 hours 
Paper III 
General Studies (Finance and Economics) 
100 
200 
2 hours 
SSC CGL Syllabus 2023
Tier1 & Tier2 subjects:

SSC CGL Syllabus for Quantitative Aptitude (Tier1 & Tier2)
In Tier1 Exam, the Quantitative Aptitude Questions checks the candidate's ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense. Few of the topics are repetitive in both the teirs; hence take note for the same chapters, which will save your time during your next stage preparation for the same chapters in Tier 2. Here’s the list of topics
SSC CGL TierI Quantitative Aptitude


Computation of whole numbers

Decimals

Fractions

Relationships between numbers

Profit and Loss

Discount

Partnership Business

Mixture and Alligation

Time and distance

Time & Work

Percentage

Ratio & Proportion

Square roots

Averages

Interest

Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds

Graphs of Linear Equations

Triangle and its various kinds of centres

Congruence and similarity of triangles

Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles

Triangle

Quadrilaterals

Regular Polygons

Right Prism

Right Circular Cone

Right Circular Cylinder

Sphere

Heights and Distances

Histogram

Frequency polygon

Bar diagram & Pie chart

Hemispheres

Rectangular Parallelepiped

Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base

Trigonometric ratio

Degree and Radian Measures

Standard Identities

Complementary angles

SSC CGL TierII ModuleI of SectionI of PaperI (Mathematical Abilities)

Number Systems

Computation of Whole Number

Decimal and Fractions

Relationship between numbers
Fundamental arithmetical operations

Percentages

Ratio and Proportion

Square roots

Averages

Interest (Simple and Compound)

Profit and Loss

Discount

Partnership Business

Mixture and Alligation

Time and distance

Time and work
Algebra

Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems)

Graphs of Linear Equations
Geometry

Similarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres

Congruence and similarity of triangles

Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles.
Mensuration

Triangle

Quadrilaterals

Regular Polygons

Circle

Right Prism

Right Circular Cone

Right Circular Cylinder

Sphere

Hemispheres

Rectangular Parallelepiped

Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base.
Trigonometry

Trigonometry

Trigonometric ratios

Complementary angles

Height and distances (simple problems only)

Standard Identities
Statistics and probability

Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bardiagram, Piechart

Measures of central tendency: mean, median, mode, standard deviation

Calculation of simple probabilities





2. SSC CGL Syllabus for General Intelligence and Reasoning (Tier 1 & Tier 2)
The SSC CGL Syllabus for this subject consists of verbal and nonverbal topics. This part examines the candidate's activeness and sharpness in any situation. The topics are provided hereunder
SSC CGL TierI General Intelligence and Reasoning


Analogies

Similarities and differences

Space visualization

Spatial orientation

Problemsolving

Analysis

Judgment

Blood Relations

Decision making

Visual memory

Discrimination

Observation

Relationship concepts

Arithmetical reasoning

Figural classification

Arithmetic number series

Nonverbal series

Coding and decoding

Statement conclusion

Syllogistic reasoning

SSC CGL Tier II ModuleII of SectionI of PaperI (Reasoning and General Intelligence)


Semantic Analogy

Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends

Figural Analogy

Space Orientation

Semantic Classification

Venn Diagrams

Symbolic/ Number

Classification

Drawing inferences

Figural Classification

Punched hole/ patternfolding & unfolding

Semantic Series

Figural Patternfolding and completion

Number Series

Embedded figures

Figural Series

Critical Thinking

Problem Solving

Emotional Intelligence

Word Building

Social Intelligence

Coding and decoding

Numerical operations

Other subtopics, if any.

3. SSC CGL Syllabus for English Language (Tier1 & Tier 2)
Amongst every sections in SSC CGL Tier1, the English section is the only part in the English language. The candidates ability to analyse their understandability of the subject and their basic comprehension and writing skills would also be tested. The aspirants must hold good command in these topics:
SSC CGL TierI Syllabus English Language


Idioms and Phrases

One word Substitution

Sentence Correction

Error Spotting

Fill in the Blanks

Spellings Correction

Reading Comprehension

SynonymsAntonyms

Active Passive

Sentence Rearrangement

Sentence Improvement

Cloze test

SSC CGL Tier 2 ModuleI of SectionII of PaperI (English Language And Comprehension)


Vocabulary

English Grammar

Sentence structure

Spot the Error

Fill in the Blanks,

Synonyms/Homonyms

Antonyms

Spellings/ Detecting misspelt words

Idioms & Phrases

One word substitution

Improvement of Sentences,

Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs

Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration

Shuffling of Sentence parts

Shuffling of Sentences in a passage,

Cloze Passage

Comprehension Passage To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given, and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story, and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial.

4. SSC CGL Syllabus for General Awareness (Tier1 & Tier2)
This part analyzes the candidate's awareness of General Knowledge and General Science and their societal implementation. The section is very vast in terms of topics.
SSC CGL TierI General Awareness


India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research

Science

Current Affairs

Books and Authors

Sports

Important Schemes

Important Days

Portfolio

People in News

Static GK

Tier 2 ModuleII of SectionII of PaperI (General Awareness)


India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research

Science

Current Affairs

Books and Authors

Sports

Important Schemes

Important Days & Dates

Portfolio

People in News

Tier 2 Subjects:
5. SSC CGL Syllabus for Computer Proficiency (Tier2)
Computer Proficiency is part of Tier 2 only under Section III.
Tier 2 ModuleI of SectionIII of PaperI (Computer Proficiency)

Computer Basics


Organization of a computer

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Input/ output devices

Computer memory

Memory organization

Back up devices

PORTs

Windows Explorer

Keyboard shortcuts

Software

Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc.

Working with Internet and emails

Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an Email Account, eBanking

Basics of networking and cyber security

Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures

6. SSC CGL Syllabus for Statistics (Tier 2)
SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 2 (Statistics)

1. Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data

Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.

2. Measures of Central Tendency

Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values quartiles, deciles, percentiles.

3. Measures of Dispersion Common measures of Dispersion

range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.

4. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis

Different types of moments and their relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.

5. Correlation and Regression

Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).

6. Probability Theory

Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.

7. Random Variable and Probability Distributions

Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).

8. Sampling Theory

Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and nonsampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.

9. Statistical Inference

Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chisquare and F statistic, Confidence intervals.

10. Analysis of Variance

Analysis of oneway classified data and twoway classified data.

11. Time Series Analysis

Components of time series, Determining trend component by different methods, Measuring seasonal variation by different methods.

12. Index Numbers

Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

7. SSC CGL Syllabus General StudiesFinance and Economics (Tier 2)
This is divided into two parts Finance & Accounts and Economics & Governance
SSC CGL Syllabus Paper 3 (General StudiesFinance and Economics)
Part

Subject

Topics

Part A: Finance and Accounts(80 marks)

Financial Accounting


Nature and scope

Limitations of Financial Accounting

Basic concepts and Conventions

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

Basic concepts of accounting


Single and double entry

Books of Original Entry

Bank Reconciliation

Journal, ledgers

Trial Balance

Rectification of Errors

Manufacturing

Trading

Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts

Balance Sheet

Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure

Depreciation Accounting

Valuation of Inventories

Nonprofit organisations Accounts

Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts

Bills of Exchange

Self Balancing Ledgers

Part B: Economics and Governance(120 marks)

Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility

Finance CommissionRole and functions

Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics


Definition

Scope and nature of Economics

Methods of economic study

Central problems of an economy

Production possibilities curve

Theory of Demand and Supply


Meaning and determinants of demand

Law of demand and Elasticity of demand

Price

Income and cross elasticity

Theory of consumer‟s behaviour

Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach

Meaning and determinants of supply

Law of supply

The elasticity of Supply

Theory of Production and cost


Meaning and Factors of production

Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.

Forms of Market and price determination in different markets


Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition

Monopoly

Monopolistic Competition

Oligopoly

Price determination in these markets.

Indian Economy


Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth.

National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.

PopulationIts size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.

Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.

InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation, Communication.

Economic Reforms in India


Economic reforms since 1991

Liberalisation

Privatisation

Globalisation

Disinvestment

Money and Banking


Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.

Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.

Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

Role of Information Technology in Governance 


