Important Topics for CLAT PG 2024

25 Jul 2023  Read 4106 Views

As the Common Law Admission Test for Postgraduate (CLAT PG) 2024 approaches, aspiring law graduates must be well-prepared to tackle this competitive examination. Now, to excel in the CLAT PG examination, it is crucial to identify and master the most important topics that carry significant weight. This blog aims to provide a comprehensive guide to help candidates focus on the essential subjects and topics for successful performance in CLAT PG 2024.

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CLAT PG Exam Pattern

The candidates will get 2 hours to solve 120 objective-type questions for 1 mark each, with 0.25 negative marking for every wrong answer. Extracts from key legal texts, such as significant decisions by courts in various legal disciplines, legislation, regulations, or judgments, will be given to the students. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require students to mark the answer they think is correct.

The paper will be based on the mandatory subjects of the undergraduate program and include Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.  

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Important Subjects and Topics

  1. Constitutional Law

Constitutional Law is the backbone of any legal education and holds immense importance in the CLAT PG examination. Focus on Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Separation of Powers, and recent landmark judgments that have shaped the interpretation of the Indian Constitution. Understanding constitutional amendments and the interplay of various constitutional provisions is vital. As extra emphasis is given to this subject on the consortium’s website, it becomes quite important to go through the important constitutional update along with the recent developments in the law and the recent judgments relating to the constitution.

  1. Jurisprudence

The subject of Jurisprudence deals with the philosophy and theories of law. Candidates should familiarise themselves with the different schools of legal thought, such as Natural Law, Positivism, Historical School, Sociological Jurisprudence, and Realism. Understanding the nature and sources of law, which include legislation, judicial decisions, customs, and equity, is essential for comprehending the foundations of legal systems. Moreover, studying legal theories like legal positivism, legal realism, and natural law theory will provide valuable insights into the reasoning and principles underlying various legal systems.

  1. Administrative Law

In Administrative Law, candidates should focus on Delegated Legislation, which refers to the authority given to administrative bodies to make rules and regulations. Understanding the types of delegated legislation and the need for parliamentary control over such legislation is vital. Candidates should also be familiar with the role and jurisdiction of Administrative Tribunals, as they play a significant role in addressing disputes related to administrative decisions. Keeping yourself updated with recent administrative law-related judgments that have set new precedents is always better.

  1. Criminal Law

Criminal Law is another important subject in the CLAT PG exam. Candidates should focus on the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which contains essential provisions and elements of crimes. Studying key landmark judgments in criminal law will provide insights into judicial interpretations. Understanding the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), the rights of the accused, and the trial process is vital. Additionally, having a grasp of the principles of evidence, types of evidence, admissibility, and relevance in criminal cases will help candidates answer questions effectively.

  1. Law of Contracts

The Law of Contracts covers contracts' formation, performance, and enforcement. Candidates should focus on understanding the essentials of a valid contract, such as agreement, consideration, legality, capacity, and free consent. Also, studying different contract types based on performance, enforceability, and formation is essential. Candidates should also be familiar with the remedies available for breach of contract, including damages, specific performance, and injunctions.

  1. International Law

International Law deals with the rules and principles governing relations between states and international organisations. Candidates should focus on the sources of international law, such as treaties, customs, and general principles of law. Understanding state responsibility and the consequences of wrongful acts is crucial. Moreover, candidates should know the mechanisms for resolving international disputes, such as arbitration and the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

  1. Environmental Law

Environmental Law has gained increasing significance in recent years. Candidates should focus on understanding the principles of sustainable development and their importance in environmental law. Knowledge of laws and regulations for conserving and protecting the environment is essential. Candidates should also study the role of the judiciary in environmental matters and analyse landmark judgments related to environmental issues. Also, stay updated with recent environmental law-related judgments and developments.

  1. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)

Candidates should focus on understanding patent laws, types of patents, and the concept of patent infringement. Also, it is essential to study the protection of trademarks and copyrights and their relevance in intellectual property law. Also, focus on landmark IPR cases and recent legislative developments.

  1. Other Areas or Topics

Staying updated with current legal developments holds immense significance for CLAT PG aspirants. The dynamic nature of the legal landscape demands a thorough understanding of recent changes, landmark cases, and legislative amendments. Awareness of emerging legal trends showcases students' dedication to the field and ability to apply legal principles to contemporary situations. This knowledge is crucial for excelling in the competitive CLAT PG examination and preparing students to become competent and informed legal professionals in the ever-evolving legal world.

  1. Important Topics

If you are preparing for the CLAT PG examination, you should keep an eye on and regularly update yourself on the topics like Passive Euthanasia, PoSH, Ordinance and related laws, POCSO, Anti-defection law, Arbitration, Marriage related laws, Victim Compensation Schemes, Defamation, Power of International Criminal Court, International Law: Maritime Treaty,

Freedom of Speech and Expression, Disqualification of MP & MLA, Same-Sex Marriage, Inheritance Laws, Special provisions under the Constitution (Part XXI), Powers of the Court under Article 142, Divorce & Maintenance, Parliamentary Rights, Arrest, Detention & Bail, Offences Against Women, Uniform Civil Code, UAPA, Democracy and justice, Divorce- Hindu Law, Rule of recognition in International Law, Defamation & Representation of People’s Act, Doctrine of proportionality with reference to Pahwa Plastics Pvt Ltd. vs Dastak Ngo & Electrosteel Steels Ltd. of 2021, Copyright, Insolvency procedure under Banking & Insolvency Code, & Arbitration/ Competition Law.


To crack the CLAT PG examination, aspirants must prioritise their preparation based on the significance of various subjects and topics. Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Criminal Law, Law of Contracts, International Law, Environmental Law, and Intellectual Property Rights are among the key topics to master. By focusing on these essential subjects and staying updated with recent developments, amendments and judgments, candidates can confidently approach the CLAT PG examination and open doors to a successful legal career. Best of luck to all aspiring candidates on their journey to excel in the CLAT PG examination!

About the Author: Sudeepto Das | 5 Post(s)

Sudeepto Das, working as Legal Content Creator at Finology Legal, completed his Bachelors in Law from RTMNU, Nagpur, with a keen interest in Constitutional Law & Criminal Law. He finds pleasure in reading books and listening to others, or is it the other way around? Always available at times of distress, Sudeepto is a big-time extrovert that adopts the quiet ones effortlessly and turns them into pseudo-extroverts themselves.

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