Bhagat Singh: Why was he hanged?

28 Sep 2022  Read 1443 Views

"A man with beliefs and ideals like mine could never think of dying uselessly. We want to get the maximum value for our lives. We want to serve humanity as much as possible." 

-Bhagat Singh, Letter to Sukhdev against suicide, 1929

Bhagat Singh represents bravery, intelligence, selflessness, and virility. His knowledge of literature, Indian culture and tradition, foreign revolutionary movements, and the lives and autobiographies of notable rebels was extensive. His views on revolution, socialism, violence, religion, and manner of life demonstrate his intelligence and vision. The propaganda of imperialists and their adherents, which portrayed him as a terrorist and anarchist, never overshadowed his image. His cry, Inquilab Zindabad!, was adopted as the battle cry for the struggle for freedom. At the age of 23, on March 23, 1931, the British killed Bhagat Singh for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case following a mock trial. Bhagat Singh, a freedom fighter was charged with section 307 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 i.e. attempt to murder and section 3 of Exposive Substances act. These charges were claimed because bombs were allegedly thrown by Bhagat Singh and Dutt "to kill or injure the King Majesty's subjects." Both revolutionaries were brought before Judge Leonard Middleton in the sessions court by the magistrate.  

This article will teach us about Bhagat Singh, his ideas, and his story of death. 

Chandigarh airport to be named after Bhagat Singh

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced that the Chandigarh airport will be renamed after Shaheed Bhagat Singh as a tribute to the great freedom fighter. Punjab & Haryana governments in August 2022, agreed to name the airport after freedom fighter Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh.  The Rs 485-crore airport project is a joint venture of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and the Punjab & Haryana governments.

Who was Bhagat Singh? 

Bhagat Singh was born on 27th September 1907. He was a famous writer and revolutionary who contributed a piece like this to Kirti magazine. He claimed that in India, politics is carried out in the guise of religion and that it is unknown whether or not religious politics will affect India. Bhagat Singh not only intended to free India from the British but also from the politics carried out in the guise of religion.

When Bhagat Singh was executed by hanging, he was just 23 years old. If anyone should believe the most after Mahatma Gandhi, it is Veer Bhagat Singh, who began a hunger strike in 1929. But Bhagat Singh's decision to sit down was motivated by his desire for him and his allies to be accorded the status of political prisoners and receive the same treatment as British inmates in jail, including wearing clean clothes and wearing clean clothes, among other things. to read newspapers and books, Jatin Das, a companion of Bhagat Singh's who was also participating in the hunger strike, passed away after 63 days of nonstop fasting, Bagaira. The British attempted to compel feeding, but he denied it. 

Bhagat Singh spoke about the caste system and untouchability. "The people of India proclaim themselves spiritual, yet they also hesitate to view mankind in a similar way," he claims. They also claim that there are people who blow one other's heads off in the name of the animal, and humans are given less value than animals. On the other hand, Bhagat Singh claims that if one corner of a Muslim's body explodes, when would they turn bloodthirsty on the other side Huh.

Bhagat Singh has also denounced politicians who use religion and caste as justifications for their actions. They assert that only the communal leaders—of whom relatively few have the best interests of the populace—are responsible for the disturbances. If politics and religion are kept apart, anyone can come together and cooperate, regardless of religion.

The "dock media" has also drawn criticism from Bhagat Singh. He claims that the media and newspapers play a significant part in rioting because they force headlines on one another that are hurtful to the feelings of the people involved. Numerous riots have broken out solely because of the headline.

Why was Bhagat Singh hanged?

Bhagat Singh's two acts of violence against the Britishers and later executive at the age of 23 made him a folk hero of India's independence movement. He became actively involved in India’s freedom movement at a very young age after quitting formal education at 13. In 1928, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru planned the assassination of the superintendent of police James Scott in Lahore in retaliation and revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, the nationalist leader of the famous Lal-Bal-Pal trio. In a case of mistaken identity, assistant superintendent of police John Saunders was shot dead. To avoid arrest, Singh escaped to Calcutta. 

In 1929, Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall in Delhi and shouted the slogan of “Inquilab Zindabad!”. For this, they were charged with section 307 IPC and section 3 of Explosive Substances Act. the then Judge accepted the verbal testimony of the two throwing bombs and sentenced them with Life Imprisonment. Later, during the trials, Bhagat Singh was also charged for the crime of Sedition under section 124A of IPC for repeating the patriotic slogans. Lastly, Bhagat Singh and his revolutionary comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged to death on March 23, 1931.

Famous Quotes on Bhagat Singh

  • "Bhagat Singh had become the symbol of the new awakening among the youth," said Subhas Chandra Bose. 

  • "He was a clean fighter who faced his enemy in the open field... he was like a spark that became a flame in a short time and spread from one end of the country to the other dispelling the prevailing darkness everywhere," Nehru said, acknowledging that Bhagat Singh's popularity was causing a new national awakening.

  • "His portrait was on sale in every city and township and for a while rivalled in popularity even that of Mr. Gandhi himself," Sir Horace Williamson, Director of the Intelligence Bureau, wrote in a letter four years after Singh was hanged.

Bhagat Singh's role in freedom struggle

Even though there have been several revolutionary leaders, Bhagat Singh is often mentioned first when discussing the revolutionary freedom fighters of India.

  • He established the Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926. This group sought to unite the working class and peasants in a revolt against British rule. The organization's secretary was Singh.

  • With Sukhdev, Chandrashekhar Azad, and others, he founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928.

  • Lala Lajpat Rai passed away in 1928 from wounds received during a police lathi charge ordered by Superintendent of Police James Scott.

  • Bhagat Singh and his fellow revolutionaries made the decision to take revenge for the beloved leader's passing.

  • However, they mistakenly killed J P Saunders, another police official, in the assassination.

  • The Lahore Conspiracy Case included this.

  • Following this occurrence, Singh left Lahore and altered his appearance.

  • Case of the Central Assembly Bomb

  • In this case, Bhagat Singh was also implicated.

  • From the Visitors' Gallery, Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt detonated a bomb in the Central

  • Assembly in Delhi on April 8, 1929.

  • They also waved pro-revolutionary banners and tossed leaflets.

  • Since they required a platform to disseminate their messages of revolution and anti-imperialism, both revolutionaries actively courted detention. 

  • The incident did not result in any injuries, and it was never their intention to harm anyone physically.

  • To "make the deaf hear" was their professed goal.

  • The incident's mastermind, Bhagat Singh, took inspiration from French anarchist Auguste Vaillant, who was hanged by France for a related incident in Paris.

  • Singh and Dutt received life sentences of transportation in the ensuing trial.

  • See This Day in History on the 8th of April for further information on the Central Assembly Bombing Case.

  • Meanwhile, Singh was also connected to the J P Saunders murder case, which also surfaced.

Conclusion 

Singh continues to be a major source of inspiration for Indian youth. In a poll conducted by the Indian magazine India Today in 2008, he came out on top, beating Gandhi and Bose. An organisation called Bhagat Singh Sansthan was founded by a group of academics to honour him and his principles around the centennial of his birth. In remembrance of Singh, the Indian Parliament held moments of silence on March 23 in both 2001 and 2005.

About the Author: Gurpreet Kaur Dutta | 43 Post(s)

A legal content writer who pursued BBA-LL.B.(H) from Amity University Chhattisgarh. She has a keen interest in corporate and IPR sectors. 

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