List of 10 Freedom Fighters of India

13 Aug 2022  Read 7264 Views

75 years back, in August 1947, India became free from British Rule. It started various movements and struggles throughout British rule, including the historic revolt. The independence was achieved via the efforts of many revolutionary freedom fighters, who took the lead in organizing the struggle which led to India’s independence. This article will let you know the freedom fighters who have contributed to Indian Independence and sacrificed their lives for India’s independence. 

10 Freedom fighters of India

  1. Mahatma Gandhi

  2. Dadabhai Naoroji

  3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

  4. Ram Prasad Bismil

  5. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

  6. Rani Lakshmi Bai

  7. Bhagat Singh

  8. Subhash Chandra Bose

  9. Mangal Pandey

  10.  Jawaharlal Nehru

Let’s see their Contributions, in brief, one by one:

          1 . Mahatma Gandhi 

Mahatma Gandhi was Born on 2nd October 1869, his full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as the Father of the Nation for his immense sacrifices for India. He has not merely led India towards freedom, but he also became the inspiring figure for many independence struggles and rights movements worldwide. Popularly called Bapu, Gandhi introduced the doctrine of non-violence in India. Relating to him, independence was achieved through a mixture of non-violent movement and non-co-operation using the British. The historic Non-Cooperation movement, Dandi March additionally the Quit India movement were all started under his leadership. Assassinated on  30 January 1948 in New Delhi. India's journey to Independence may have never been possible without this legendary freedom fighter- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi. He is among the top - most freedom fighters in India.

         2.  Dadabhai Naoroji

Born on 4th September 1825,  he was a Mathematics and Natural Philosophy professor. He had been educated at the Elphinstone College in Bombay. He turned towards politics later in life and became very mixed up in the field. His opinion was unfavorable because he felt that the British rule would leave and cause irreparable problems for the Indian economy. Within the  years 1886, 1893, and 1906, Dadabhai Naoroji had the privilege of presiding throughout the annual sessions associated with the Indian National Congress. This later resulted in the movement that is nationalist India. His popular writings range from the article named Poverty in (1901). In this essay, he had been of the strong opinion that India was taxed at a tremendously higher rate and all sorts of India’s wealth was being drained to England. He died on 30 June 1917, Mumbai Organizations founded by him were the Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, etc.

          3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

He was one of the top freedom fighters of India, without his presence, India's struggle for independence might have remained incomplete, he has immense qualities and skill. He had been courageous and valiant from an early age and acquired the title 'Sardar' for his epic role when you look in the Bardoli Satyagraha. Because of his valiant efforts, he had been titled once the "Iron Man of India." Formerly an attorney, Sardar Patel retired from his practice and started a struggle against British authorities for independence to represent India. After freedom, he was appointed as India's Deputy Prime Minister and tried to integrate princely states into the Union of India.

Vallabh Bhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875. A senior leader of the Indian National Congress, he previously made an immense contribution to the Indian freedom struggle as one of the most influential and strong-minded Indian freedom fighters. He had been the most influential leader of Gujarat, who organized peasant movements from the British predicated on Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence. His efforts resulted in the integration of around 562 princely states. After independence, he served once as the first home minister and deputy prime minister of India. He Died on 15 December 1950 in Mumbai.

         4 . Ram Prasad Bismil

Ram Prasad Bismil was one of the most notable Indian revolutionaries who fought British colonialism and made it possible for the nation to breathe the air of freedom after eons of struggle against the imperial forces, with a desire for freedom and revolutionary spirit reverberating in every inch of his body and poetry. Bismil, who was born in 1897, was a respected member of the Hindustan Republican Association alongside Sukhdev. He was also a participant in the infamous Kakori train heist, for which the British government condemned him to death on  19 December 1927, Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur Cause of death was Execution by hanging.

         5 . Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

Another crucial name in the list of top 10 freedom fighters of India is Bal Gangadhar. He is a well-known freedom fighter. Tilak was Born in 1856 and was a fantastic Indian independence warrior. In a protest that was fervent to the British, he lit a fire around the world with the message, "Swaraj is my birthright." He had been better known as one of several trios of Lal, Bal, and Pal. Tilak founded schools and produced dissident publications to resist the English overlords. People referred to him as Lokmanya Tilak simply because they admired and revered him among the greatest leaders of them all. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an important personality , social reformer, and independence warrior. He was a supporter that is staunch of and died on August 1, 1920. He delivered his remarks either in Marathi or Hindi.

        6. Rani Laxmi Bai 

The list of top 10 freedom fighters of India is incomplete without Jhansi ki Rani ( Rani Laxmi Bai )  She was among the top women freedom fighters whose contribution can never be forgotten or overlooked. The Queen of Jhansi, Rani Lakhsmi Bai, was born in 1828. She was a major figure in India's independence movement in 1857. Despite her gender, she personified boldness and a daring attitude, encouraging a huge selection of women to participate in the fight for freedom. In 1858, she valiantly protected her Jhansi palace from an invasion by a British force commanded by Sir Hugh Rose.

Rani Laxmibai, This woman is also recognized as one of India's independence fighters. Into the 1850s, she retaliated against Britain's intention to conquer her country and became an emblem of freedom in India.

          7 . Bhagat Singh

 Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter and socialist revolutionary during India's Independence struggle. Born in 1907, Bhagat Singh was on the list of revolutionaries that are extreme freedom fighters. He had been a largely controversial, though respected figure when you look at the freedom struggle of India. This revolutionary hero was born in a Sikh family during the undivided state of  Punjab and carried the legacy of his family and clinched to his patriotism till his death. Born on 28th September 1907, Banga, Pakistan, and died on 23 March 1931, Central Jail, Lahore. Famously known as Shaheed Bhagat Singh.

          8. Subhash  Chandra Bose

India's listing of the top 10  freedom fighters who shed blood and sweat to have independence for our nation is enormous. Another name when you look at the list of top ten freedom fighters for India is Subhas Chandra Bose, better referred to as Netaji, born in Orissa in 1897. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre could have shaken him and compelled him to relocate to India from England in 1921. He was a  member of the Indian National Congress and the Civil Disobedience Movement. Because he had been dissatisfied with Gandhi Ji's nonviolent means of independence, he turned to Germany for assistance Bose was one of the freedoms that are top of India who was simply active in the Anti-British independence struggle in India. He was a revolutionary independence warrior who developed the Azad Hind Army, now known as the Indian National Army. Bose continues to be imprisoned numerous times for his revolutionary activities.

          9 . Mangal Pandey

Next in the directory of the top 10 freedom fighters of India is Mangal Pandey. He was born in 1827 and was an early independence fighter. He had been one of the rebels that first urged young Indian troops to become listed in the 1857 uprising. while serving as a soldier when it came to the British East India Company, they conducted the first attack against English authorities, kicking off the Indian revolt in 1857. He was a prominent figure in 1857. He could be well-known in India as one of the country's earliest independence fighters. The uprising led to the demise associated with the British East India Company plus the formulation of direct administration that is British. This marked the start of a period by which Indians enhanced Nationalism towards freedom.

          10. Jawaharlal Nehru 

The last Name in the list of top freedom fighters of India is. Jawaharlal Nehru. He was born in 1889 as the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani. Nehru began his career as a lawyer His desire to have Indian independence was impacted by Mahatma Gandhi's attempts to liberate India from British rule. He started the liberation movement, got elected as president associated with Indian National Congress, and was finally Appointed India's First Prime Minister upon Independence Day. Nehru was nicknamed Chacha Nehru because he liked children, and his birthday is celebrated as Children's Day. He also became the very first prime minister of independent India. A supporter of Gandhi, Nehru was in support of a country that is secular. He also defended indentured labor and the British rule's discriminatory legislation. He guided Indians to the goal that is ultimate along with his amazing leadership. 

On 27 May 1964, he passed on at the chronological age of 74 because of an arrest that was cardiac arrest.

Conclusion

This is a good fortune for all of us that every individual is witnessing this historic amount of independent India in which India is touching new heights of progress. Today’s India has got its name written in the line that is in front of the world. On this occasion, we celebrate 75 Independence as Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. 

About the Author: Shivam Pathak | 23 Post(s)

Shivam is pursuing a BA. LL. B (HONS.) 5-year integrated course from Amity University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. With a core interest in Criminal and Civil Law, his hobbies are reading books and listening to songs in his free time.

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