Bharat Ratna Award Winners List: Civilian Awards in India

17 Aug 2022  Read 17764 Views

One of the most inspiring quotes by the Bharat Ratna awardee APJ Abdul Kalam was, “all of us do not have equal talent. But, we all have an equal opportunity to develop our talents.” And very few are quick enough to grab such opportunities and make exceptional contributions in the field of arts, education, literature, sports, medicine, etc. So, to appreciate them for their exceptional services and performances, they are honored with civilian awards, the highest honor in India. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award, followed by Padma Awards, which were instituted in 1954, The Padma Awards are announced yearly on Republic Day. This article will discuss the history of the civilian awards and who received these 2022 Padma awards. 

History of the civilian awards

The Government of India instituted two civilian awards: Bharat Ratna & Padma Vibhushan, in 1954. The latter (Padma Vibhushan) had three classes: Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg, and Tisra Varg. These Varg were subsequently renamed Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Shri vide Presidential Notification issued on January 8th, 1955.

  • Bharat Ratna: highest civilian honor

  • Padma Vibhushan: second highest civilian honor

  • Padma Bhushan: third highest civilian honor

  • Padma Shri: fourth highest civilian honor

Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award in the country. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavor. It is treated on a different footing from Padma Award. The recommendations for this highest civilian award are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India. No formal recommendations for Bharat Ratna are necessary. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to three per year. The government has conferred Bharat Ratna Award on 45 persons to date, with 12 receiving posthumous accolades.

Padma Awards

Padma Awards, which were instituted in 1954, are announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day except for brief interruptions during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997.

The award is bestowed in three categories, namely,

  • Padma Vibhushan for exceptional and distinguished service;

  • Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of a high order; and

  • Padma Shri for distinguished service.

Who is entitled to get Padma Awards?

No discrimination is done based on race, occupation, position, or sex for these awards. However, Government servants, including those working with PSUs, except doctors and scientists, are not eligible for these awards.

The award seeks to recognize works of distinction and is given for distinguished and exceptional achievements/service in all activities/disciplines. The list of fields under this award is:

  • Art (includes Music, Painting, Sculpture, Photography, Cinema, Theatre, etc.)

  • Social work (includes social service, charitable service, contribution to community projects, etc.)

  • Public Affairs (includes Law, Public Life, Politics, etc.)

  • Science & Engineering (includes Space Engineering, Nuclear Science, Information Technology, Research & Development in Science & its allied subjects, etc.)

  • Trade & Industry (includes Banking, Economic Activities, Management, Promotion of Tourism, Business, etc.)

  • Medicine (includes medical research, distinction/specialization in Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Sidhha, Allopathy, Naturopathy, etc.)

  • Literature & Education (includes Journalism, Teaching, Book composing, Literature, Poetry, Promotion of education, Promotion of literacy, Education Reforms, etc.)

  • Civil Service (includes distinction/excellence in administration etc. by Government Servants)

  • Sports (includes popular Sports, Athletics, Adventure, Mountaineering, promotion of sports, Yoga, etc.)

  • Others (fields not covered above may include propagation of Indian Culture, protection of Human Rights, Wild Life protection/conservation, etc.)

The award is normally not conferred posthumously. However, in highly deserving cases, the Government can consider giving an award posthumously. A higher category of the Padma award from the last one can be conferred on a person only where at least five years have elapsed since the earlier Padma award. But, in highly deserving cases, a relaxation can be made by the Awards Committee.

  • The Padma awards are generally presented by the President of India in March/April every year. The awardees are presented a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.

  • The recipients are also given a small replica of the medallion, which they can wear during any ceremonial/State functions etc., if the awardees so desire. The names of the awardees are published in the Gazette of India on the day of the presentation ceremony.

  • The total number of awards to be given in a year (excluding posthumous awards and to NRI/foreigners/OCIs) should not be more than 120.

  • The award does not amount to a title and cannot be used as a suffix or prefix to the awardees’ name.

Bharat Ratna Award Winners

Recipients (State/UT) Year
C. Rajagopalachari/ Rajaji (Tamil Nadu) 1954
Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (Tamil Nadu) 1954
C. V. Raman (Tamil Nadu) 1954
Bhagwan Das (Uttar Pradesh) 1955
M. Visvesvaraya (Karnataka) 1955
Jawaharlal Nehru (Uttar Pradesh) 1955
Govind Ballabh Pant (Uttarakhand) 1957
Dhondo Keshav Karve (Maharashtra) 1958
Bidhan Chandra Roy (West Bengal) 1961
Purushottam Das Tandon (Uttar Pradesh) 1961
Rajendra Prasad (Bihar) 1962
Zakir Husain (Andhra Pradesh) 1963
Pandurang Vaman Kane (Maharashtra) 1963
Lal Bahadur Shastri (Uttar Pradesh)  1966
Indira Gandhi (Uttar Pradesh) 1971
V. V. Giri (Odisha) 1975
K. Kamaraj (Tamil Nadu)  1976
Mother Teresa (West Bengal, born in North Macedonia) 1980
Vinoba Bhave (Maharashtra)  1983
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Pakistan)  1987
M. G. Ramachandran (Tamil Nadu)  1988
B.R. Ambedkar (Maharashtra)  1990
Nelson Mandela (South Africa) 1990
Rajiv Gandhi (Uttar Pradesh)  1991
Vallabhbhai Patel (Gujarat)  1991
Morarji Desai (Gujarat) 1991
Abul Kalam Azad (West Bengal)  1992
J. R. D. Tata (Maharashtra) 1992
Satyajit Ray (West Bengal) 1992
Gulzarilal Nanda (Punjab) 1997
Aruna Asaf Ali (West Bengal)  1997
A.P.J Abdul Kalam (Tamil Nadu) 1997
M. S. Subbulakshmi (Tamil Nadu) 1998
Chidambaram Subramaniam (Tamil Nadu) 1998
Jayaprakash Narayan (Bihar)  1999
Amartya Sen (West Bengal) 1999
Gopinath Bordoloi (Assam)  1999
Ravi Shankar (Uttar Pradesh) 1999
Lata Mangeshkar (Maharashtra) 2001
Bismillah Khan (Uttar Pradesh) 2001
Bhimsen Joshi (Karnataka) 2009
C. N. R. Rao (Karnataka) 2014
Sachin Tendulkar (Maharashtra) 2014
Madan Mohan Malaviya (Uttar Pradesh)  2015
Atal Bihari Bajpayee (Madhya Pradesh) 2015
Pranab Mukherjee (West Bengal) 2019
Nanaji Deshmukh (Maharashtra)  2019
Bhupen Hazarika (Assam)  2019

Who was awarded Bharat Ratna 2022?

For 2022, nobody was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.

On the other hand, a total of 128 people won the Padma Awards. 

Who was awarded Padma Vibhushan (2022)?

Following people were awarded Padma Vibhushan for their exceptional and distinguished service:

  1. Ms. Prabha Atre

  2. Radheyshyam Khemka (posthumous)

  3. Kalyan Singh, former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (posthumous)

  4. General Bipin Rawat, India’s first chief of defense staff (posthumous)

Who was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2022?

Recipient Domain

Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad

Public Affairs

Shri Victor Banerjee

Art

Ms. Gurmeet Bawa (Posthumous)

Art

Shri Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee

Public Affairs

Shri Natarajan Chandrasekaran

Trade and Industry

Shri Krishna Ella and Smt. Suchitra Ella* (Duo)

Trade and Industry

Ms. Madhur Jaffery

Others-Culinary

Shri Devendra Jhajharia

Sports

Shri Rashid Khan

Art

Shri Rajiv Mehrishi

Civil Service

Shri Satya Narayana Nadella

Trade and Industry

Shri Sundararajan Pichai

Trade and Industry

Shri Cyrus Poonawalla

Trade and Industry

Shri Sanjaya Rajaram (Posthumous)

Science and Engineering

Ms. Pratibha Ray

Literature and Education

Swami Sachidanand

Literature and Education

Shri Vashishth Tripathi Literature and Education

 

Who was awarded Padma Shri 2022?

Recipients Domain
Shri Prahlad Rai Agarwala
Trade and Industry
Prof. Najma Akhtar
Literature and Education
Shri Sumit Antil Sports
Shri T Senka Ao
Literature and Education
Ms. Kamalini Asthana and Ms. Nalini Asthana* (Duo)
Art
Shri Subbanna Ayyappan
Science and Engineering
Shri J K Bajaj
Literature and Education
Shri Sirpi Balasubramaniam
Literature and Education
Srimad Baba Balia
Social Work
Ms. Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay
Science and Engineering
Ms. Madhuri Barthwal
Art
Shri Akhone Asgar Ali Basharat
Literature and Education
Dr. Himmatrao Bawaskar
Medicine
Shri Harmohinder Singh Bedi
Literature and Education
Shri Pramod Bhagat
Sports
Shri S Ballesh Bhajantri
Art
Shri Khandu Wangchuk Bhutia
Art
Shri Maria Christopher Byrski
Literature and Education
Acharya Chandanaji
Social Work
Ms. Sulochana Chavan
Art
Shri Neeraj Chopra
Sports
Ms. Shakuntala Choudhary
Social Work
Shri Sankaranarayana Menon Chundayil
Sports
Shri S Damodaran
Social Work
Shri Faisal Ali Dar
Sports
Shri Jagjit Singh Dardi
Trade and Industry
Dr. Prokar Dasgupta
Medicine
Shri Aditya Prasad Dash
Science and Engineering
Dr. Lata Desa Medicine
Shri Malji bhai Desai
Public Affairs
Ms. Basanti Devi
Social Work
Ms. Lourembam Bino Devi
Art
Ms. Muktamani Devi
Trade and Industry
Ms. Shyamamani Devi
Art
Shri Khalil Dhantejvi (Posthumous)
Literature and Education
Shri Savaji Bhai Dholakia
Social Work
Shri Arjun Singh Dhurve
Art
Dr. Vijaykumar Vinayak Dongre
Medicine
Shri Chandraprakash Dwivedi
Art
Shri Dhaneswar Engti
Literature and Education
Shri Om Prakash Gandhi
Social Work
Shri Narasimha Rao Garikapati
Literature and Education
Shri Girdhari Ram Ghonju (Posthumous)
Literature and Education
Shri Shaibal Gupta (Posthumous)
Literature and Education
Shri Narasingha Prasad Guru
Literature and Education
Shri Gosaveedu Shaik Hassan (Posthumous)
Art
Shri Ryuko Hira
Trade and Industry
Ms. Sosamma Iype
Animal Husbandry
Shri Avadh Kishore Jadia
Literature and Education
Ms. Sowcar Janaki
Art
Ms. Tara Jauhar
Literature and Education
Ms. Vandana Kataria
Sports
Shri H R Keshavamurthy
Art
Shri Rutger Kortenhorst
Literature and Education
Shri P Narayana Kurup
Literature and Education
Ms. Avani Lekhara
Sports
Shri Moti Lal Madan
Science and Engineering
Shri Shivnath Mishra
Art
Dr. Narendra Prasad Misra (Posthumous)
Medicine
Shri Darshanam Mogilaiah
Art
Shri Guruprasad Mohapatra (Posthumous)
Civil Service
Shri Thavil Kongampattu A V Murugaiyan
Art
Ms. R Muthukannammal
Art
Shri Abdul Khader Nadakattin
Grassroots Innovation
Shri Amai Mahalinga Naik
Agriculture
Shri Tsering Namgyal
Art
Shri A K C Natarajan
Art
Shri V L Nghaka
Literature and Education
Shri Sonu Nigam
Art
Shri Ram Sahay Panday
Art
Shri Chirapat Prapandavidya
Literature and Education
Ms. K V Rabiya Social Work
Shri Anil Kumar Rajvanshi
Science and Engineering
Shri Sheesh Ram
Art
Shri Ramachandraiah
Art
Dr. Sunkara Venkata Adinarayana Rao
Medicine
Ms. Gamit Ramilaben Raysingbhai
Social Work
Ms. Padmaja Reddy
Art
Guru Tulku Rinpoche
Spiritualism
Shri Brahmanand Sankhwalkar
Sports
Shri Vidyanand Sarek
Literature and Education
Shri Kali Pada Saren
Literature and Education
Dr. Veeraswamy Seshiah
Medicine
Ms. Prabhaben Shah
Social Work
Shri Dilip Shahani
Literature and Education
Shri Ram Dayal Sharma
Art
Shri Vishwamurti Shastri
Literature and Education
Ms. Tatiana Lvovna Shaumyan
Literature and Education
Shri Siddhalingaiah (Posthumous)
Literature and Education
Shri Kaajee Singh
Art
Shri Konsam Ibomcha Singh
Art
Shri Prem Singh Social Work
Shri Seth Pal Singh
Agriculture
Ms. Vidya Vindu Singh
Literature and Education
Baba Iqbal Singh Ji
Social Work
Dr. Bhimsen Singhal
Medicine
Shri Sivananda Yoga
Shri Ajay Kumar Sonkar
Science and Engineering
Ms. Ajita Srivastava
Art
Sadguru Brahmeshanand Acharya Swami
Spiritualism
Dr. Balaji Tambe (Posthumous)
Medicine
Shri Raghuvendra Tanwar
Lit and Education
Dr. Kamlakar Tripathi
Medicine
Ms. Lalita Vakil Art
Ms. Durga Bai Vyam
Art
Shri Jyantkumar Maganlal Vyas
Science and Engineering
Ms. Badaplin War
Literature and Education

Who decides the Padma Awards?

All nominations received for Padma Awards are placed before the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. The Padma Awards Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and includes Home Secretary, Secretary to the President, and four to six eminent persons. The committee's recommendations are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval.

About the Author: Kakoli Nath | 137 Post(s)

Kakoli Nath is a legal Content Curator at Finology Legal who pursued BBA.LL.B (5 years integrated course) & she is a patent analyst. She has pursued advanced certification in Forensics Psychology and Criminal Profiling from IFS, Pune.

Liked What You Just Read? Share this Post:

Finology Blog / Legal / Bharat Ratna Award Winners List: Civilian Awards in India

Wanna Share your Views on this? Comment here: