Top Indian Government Exams after Graduation: Part 1

13 Mar 2024  Read 2947 Views

We've all probably heard our parents saying, "Beta ek baar Sarkari Naukari mil jaye, fir maze hi maze". (Once you secure a government job, life will be much more enjoyable).  

A Department of Personnel and Training report reveals that over 22 Cr. people have applied for government jobs since 2014. But what makes these "Sarkari Naukari" so appealing? Well, they offer high job security, prestige, good salaries, housing, medical benefits, and other perks, making them highly sought-after career options in India.

In this two-part series, you will learn about the top government exams in India,  their syllabus, and the different posts they offer.


Let's begin with one of India's most widely recognised exams, the Union Public Service Commission, where out of every 1000 candidates, only 2 can qualify.

UPSC is in charge of organising important exams to hire people with the right skills and know-how to work as civil servants, in defence, and as administrators in the Indian government. This makes governance better and ensures the government gives top-notch services to citizens.

Exams Conducted by UPSC

UPSC conducts different examinations at the All-India level yearly.


Civil Services 

UPSC provides 24 diverse roles in civil services, which are highly sought-after compared to others. These positions are filled annually through the Civil Service Examination (CSE).

While there are different Civil Services, most people aim for Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Services (IPS), and Indian Foreign Services (IFS)- All India Services.

Posts of Indian Civil Services

The Civil Services Examination posts are divided into 2 groups:

Posts of Civil Services

How are the positions (IAS, IFS, IRS, IPS) determined for a candidate after taking the CSE?

Service allocation is based on the following factors:

  1. Preference ( Indicated at the time of filling Detailed Application Form after clearing prelims);
  2. Rank in the final merit list;
  3. Category of candidate; and
  4. Vacancies

For instance, if there are 100 openings for IAS, 50 are for reserved categories and the rest 50  for unreserved categories. A general candidate needs to secure a rank between 1 and 50 to qualify for IAS (depending on preferences selected by others in between). If IAS isn't someone's top choice between the rank 1-50, they may get another preferred service like IPS or IRS.

And if someone from the unreserved category got AIR 89, they still won't get IAS, as there are 50 seats for the reserved category, with this rank, s/he could have opted for IFS or IPS, but if s/he chose IRS IT as their second preference so that s/he will be allocated that service.

Civil Service Exam: 2024

Prelims (Objective)

26 May 2024

Mains (Descriptive)

20 September 2024 onward

Admit Card

May 2024

Prelims (Total 400 Marks)

Paper I (General Studies I)- 100 MCQs, 200 marks, negative marking -0.66

Paper II (General Studies II or CSAT)- 80 MCQs, 200 marks, negative marking -0.83


9 papers, 1750 marks

Total Vacancy


Check out the 2024 CSE Exam calendar, question paper, etc, from the Official Website!

Candidates should know that the Civil Services and the Indian Forest Services have a common prelims exam. While applying for prelims, candidates should indicate whether they are taking both exams or only either one of them. 

2. Banking

In India, bank exams are highly respected by those who want to work in banking. Many banks and organisations hold these exams every year. Some of the well-known bank exams include

A. RBI Grade B

  • About: The Grade B officer recruitment exam is the only way to become an entry-level officer at RBI.
  • Duties: RBI Grade B officer inspects the credit appraisal system of banks, KYC AML guidelines, cash vaults, the functioning and overall security of the branch, and the policymaking process.
  • Posts: RBI Grade B vacancies are announced for different positions, such as Officers in Grade 'B' (DR) – (General), Officers in Grade ‘B' (DR) – DEPR, and Officers in Grade 'B’ (DR) – DSIM.
  • Salary: The starting salary is ₹55,200 per month, and the total monthly earnings come to around ₹1,16,914 (approx.)


Graduate with 60% aggregate

Age Limit

21-30 years

Vacancy in 2024


Application form

March- July


July- Sep

Recruitment Stages

Pre, Mains, Interview

Stage I

200 MCQ/200 marks, 120 minutes, 1/4th negative

  • General Awareness
  • English
  • Reasoning
  • Quantitative Aptitude

Stage II


  • Paper 1 – Economics and Social Science
  • Paper 3 – Finance and Management


  • Paper 2 – English (Writing Skills)

B. SBI PO and SBI Clerk Exam

  • Both exams offer opportunities to work at the esteemed State Bank of India, though in different roles. While their syllabi are similar, there are notable differences in the format, types, and topics of questions asked in the Main exams.



SBI Clerk

Mode of Exam

Online Except for GE/PI


Age Limit

21 – 30 Years

20 – 28 Years


Probationary Officer

Junior Associate

Recruitment Stages

I- Prelims

II- Mains

III- Psychometric test, Group Exercise & Personal Interview

I- Prelims

II- Mains

III- Language Proficiency Test


Officer Cadre

Clerical Cadre

Highest Rank


Deputy General Manager


Starting ₹41,960/- 

Starting ₹ 26,000/-

Exam for 2025

  • Pre- Nov 2024 
  • Mains- Dec 2024 
  • PT/GE/PI- Jan/Feb 2025
  • Pre-Nov 2024 
  • Mains- Dec 2024 


  • The Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) is an autonomous body that conducts recruitment examinations for all Public Sector Banks except SBI.
  • Eleven banks are participating, including BoB, BoI, Canara Bank, etc.
  • Every year, IBPS holds the IBPS SO exam to choose specialist officers and IBPS PO for probationary officers. 
  • Getting through IBPS PO is simpler compared to IBPS SO. The reason is that BPS PO is more general, while IBPS SO is more specialised. IBPS PO covers a wider variety of subjects than IBPS SO.






Graduation (varies based on the specific job)

Age Limit

20-30 years



Probationary Officer/Management Trainee

IT Officer, Law Officer, etc

Recruitment stages

Prelims, mains and interview


Mode of Exam



Exam Duration

Prelims: 60 mins.

Mains: 3 hours 30 mins.

Prelims: 120 mins.

Mains: 120 mins.

Work Profile

Administrative tasks, establishes relationships, and verifies customer documentation for loan approvals, with a 2-year probationary period.

Works with other bank workers to ensure smooth operations despite not having the primary responsibility of acquiring new clients.


Potential for advancement and quick development.


Unless there's a transition to general banking, opportunities for promotion are restricted.


Can move up to Senior Manager Grade Scale-III or even Grade Scale-IV level.

May hold the same position or title within their separate departments.


₹ 42,000

₹ 30,448

3. Railway

  • After graduation, there are different job opportunities in the railway sector. The Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) categorises these jobs into four levels: Group A, Group B, Group C, and Group D.
  • Group A positions are filled through the UPSC exam. The jobs in this group include both technical and non-technical roles. Exams held for these jobs are the Civil Service Exam, Engineering Service Exam, and Combined Medical Service Examination.
  • Group B, RRB doesn't hold exams for Group B positions. These roles are for promotion purposes only.
  • Group C positions are filled by the RRB. These positions include various non-technical roles like Assistant Station Masters, Train Clerks, Ticket Collectors, etc.
  • Group D is a divisional-level hiring process for various positions, including trackman, safaiwala, etc. 

How To Get Railway Jobs?

RRB conducts various exams for jobs available for 10th, 12th, and graduate students in railways, with 21 zones releasing region-wise notifications. 

There are two types of railway jobs: technical and non-technical. Eligibility criteria vary, and sports quotas may increase the chances of direct recruitment. 

A. Technical Jobs- RRB ALP (Assistant Loco Pilot) & Technicians


Loco Pilot (ALP)



10th/12th standard + ITI in the relevant trade


10th/12th standard + Diploma in the relevant trade


10th/12th + Degree In Engineering.

10th/12th + ITI from recognised institutions of NCVT/SCVT in the relevant trade

Age Limit



Recruitment stages

  • CBT I
  • CBT II
  • Computer-Based Aptitude Test 
  • Document Verification
  • Medical Examination
  • CBT
  • Document Verification
  • Medical Examination

B. Non-technical Job- RRB NTPC 

Exam Conducting Authority

Railway Recruitment Board

Posts Name

Junior/Accounts Clerk cum Typist, Trains Clerk,  Senior/Commercial cum Ticket Clerk, Station Master, etc.

RRB NTPC Notification 2024

June 2024

Recruitment Stages


I. CBT-1


III. Skill Test

IV. Document Verification

V. Medical Test

Age Limit

  • Undergraduate: 18 to 30 years
  • Graduate: 18 to 33 years


  • Undergraduate: 12th or equivalent exam
  • Graduate: University Degree or equivalent 

Other Non-Technical Railway Jobs- RRB Ministerial & isolated Categories, RRB Paramedical Categories jobs and RPF SI.

To be Continued in Part 2...

About the Author: Anirudh Nikhare | 29 Post(s)

Anirudh did his Bachelor's in Law and has practical experience in IPR, Contracts, and Corporate. He is your go-to legal content writer turning head-scratching legal topics into easy-to-understand gems of wisdom. Through his blog, he aims to empower readers with knowledge, making legal concepts digestible and applicable to everyday life.

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